Environmental Science Activities Manual: K-2
| Life Science
|| Animals E3.00||Science in Society
|| Economics 4.5 ab
GRADE: ESAM: K-2
CONTENT STANDARD: Life Science
CONTENT TOPIC: Animals
CONCEPT: Animals are living things with specific needs and characteristics.
CONTENT OBJECTIVE: E3.00 To understand the basic needs of all animals
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: The learner will
3.01 state the basic needs of animals.
OUTLINE OF CONTENT:
3.02 state how all animal foods come from green plants.
I. Basic needs of animals
II. Caring for the basic needs of pets
III. Animals eat plants and/or animals
IV. Food chain and its relationship to green plants
A. Plants provide food for animals
V. Eggs to chicks
1. Leaves eaten by chickens
B. Plant eaters are food for meat eaters
2. Seeds eaten by cows
1. People eat beef cows which eat corn
2. People eat chickens which eat grass
A. Fertile eggs
B. Chick Care
1. Food (commercial)
TN COMPONENT OF SCIENCE: Science In Society
To enable students to demonstrate attitudes toward science in solving problems and making personal decisions about issues affecting the individual, society, and the environment.
4.5 ECONOMICS - Scientific knowledge should provide a premise for understanding the economic value of applied technology as it relates to society.
TN STANDARD(S): The learner will understand that:
4.5a Science and technology impact economic growth and productivity.
BENCHMARK Advances in science and technology have a direct influence on any society's economic climate.
4.5b Needs and interests of society influence financial support and problems that scientists and engineers pursue.
BENCHMARK Throughout history people have provided support for development of ideas that relate to their needs and interests.
This classroom connector addresses Instructional Objective 3.01.
30 to 40 minutes per instructional period
Milk cartons, dowel sticks, pint cones, peanut butter, bird seeds, hanging hooks or string, teacher-made word-search ditto
Think about what our basic needs are. Do all animals have the same basic needs? Every living animal needs AIR, every living animal needs FOOD. Every living animal needs a HOME and every living animal needs WATER. Think of your pet or the fish we have in the aquarium. Could they live without air? (No) Could they live without a home or shelter of some kind when the north wind is cold and there is rain and snow and freezing weather? (No) Could they live without water? (No) When you go away on vacation in the summer, what do you have to do for your pet? (response) Does a responsible person care for your pets or do you take them with you when you go away? (response) Please provide the basic needs for your pets and if you must go away, get someone to care for them while you are gone.
Wild animals may be able to take care of themselves. They will roam around and find their food and water and shelter, but domestic animals or pets must be taken care of by their masters or parents or whoever has confined them. If you have confined an animal, just remember what their basic needs are and be sure to provide those basis needs. If you have a pet in a car or building during hot temperatures, make sure there is plenty of water and sufficient ventilation. During cold weather be sure to have food, water and shelter from the elements.
1. (Have children bring half gallon milk cartons or one gallon cartons and make bird houses. Teacher needs to provide .5" x 8" dowel sticks for perch. Stick must go through carton.
2. Have children bring a pine cone to make a bird feeder. Teacher needs to provide wire or fishing line for hanger. Peanut butter and bird seeds, popsicle sticks or plastic knives. Put hanger on cone. Put peanut butter on pine cone then dust with bird seeds.)
All animals have basic needs. Tell me again, what the basic needs are. (Food, water, air, shelter) What happens to the animal that is deprived of its basic needs such as air, food, shelter and water? (response) This concludes our study of animals today. In our next lesson we will study about the foods of animals specifically.
This classroom connector addresses Instructional Objective 3.02.
Think of four things that we know that all animals need. (Food, water, air and shelter) Today we want to specifically look at the foods that the animal needs. Only green plants can manufacture food. The meats that we eat come from animals that eat plants. We will complete our study of the basic needs of animals with a very interesting activity, but you will have to wait to see what it is going to be.
Man eats meat and plants. Hamburgers come from the beef cow. The cow has eaten the green grass and corn that supplies its food. Milk comes from the dairy cow who has eaten grasses and corn- and other grains. Chickens, that we eat, ate grass and little rocks and cracked corn. Have you heard the old adage, "which came first, the chicken or the egg"? Well chickens come from fertilized eggs when incubated for 21 days. The chicken eats grasses, grains and commercial poultry feed until it reaches maturity then it begins to lay eggs. We eat both the eggs and the chickens for our food. A chicken will eat its own eggs, shells and all, if they are not fed adequately.
I want you to make a display that traces common foods to green plants. You may do this by drawing pictures or cutting out pictures and mounting them.
Where do our meat and eggs come from? (Animals) Where do the animals, that we turn into food, get their food? (Grass, grain) What kind of plants manufacture food? (response)
Now, tell me one more time what the basic needs of all animals are. (Shelter, food, water, air) Do all animals depend on plants for food? (Yes) I will put your display up for everyone to see. This concludes our lesson on the basic needs of all animals. I hope you will always be mindful of the needs of others.
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time this file has been accessed since 03/01/2004.
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