Environmental Science Activities Manual: K-2
|| Habitats/Ecosystems/Biomes G1.00 || Process Of Science
||Analyzing 1.4 abc
GRADE: ESAM: K-2
CONTENT STANDARD: Environmental Science
CONTENT TOPIC: Habitats/Ecosystems/Biomes
CONCEPT: Plants and animals depend upon one another.
CONTENT OBJECTIVE: G1.00 To understand how plants and animals are beneficial to each other
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: The learner will:
1.01 recognize the interdependence that plants and animals have upon one another.
OUTLINE OF CONTENT:
1.02 understand that plants give energy to animals and provide oxygen needed for life.
1.03 understand that animal matter becomes fertilizer for plants.
1.04 give examples of the roles plants play in the environment.
1.05 give examples of the roles animals play in the environment.
1.06 understand that plants and animals depend on each other for oxygen and carbon dioxide.
I. Plants are a basic source of energy for all living things
II. Plants release oxygen
III. Plants need light, water, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and minerals
IV. Animals give off carbon dioxide
V. Construct a life cycle of an animal
TN COMPONENT OF SCIENCE: Process Of Science
To enable students to demonstrate the process of science by posing questions and investigating phenomena through language, methods and instruments of science
1.4 ANALYZING - Data should be examined to find patterns and relationships that may suggest cause and effect or support inferences and hypotheses.
TN STANDARD(S): The learner will understand that:
1.4a Data should be examined to find patterns and relationships.
BENCHMARK Patterns are evident in nature.
1.4b The accuracy and precision of data should be used to determine the selection or rejection of any given piece of data.
BENCHMARK Accurate descriptions of observations enable students to compare results with others.
1.4c Scientific investigation may not produce concrete solutions.
BENCHMARK Predictions may not always occur
Classroom Connector One
Fruits and vegetables, milk, magazine for picture, poster board or art paper, glue and scissors
We want you to realize that plants are the basic source of all energy for all living things. Without plants, we would not be living. Plants give energy to animals and provide oxygen needed for life.
Because of the plant matter consumed by animals, animal matter and waste products are excellent sources of fertilizers for plants. This makes a plant cycle. Plants and animals depend on each other for oxygen and carbon dioxide. Animals give off carbon dioxide needed by plants. Plants give off oxygen needed by animals. Now, tell me what the basic source of energy for most living things is. (Plants)
I want you to think about the plant cycle and the animal cycle. We are going on a walk to see what animals we can see and to see what those animals eat. Then I want you to describe what you have seen and write a story telling how those animals get their energy and how they are important to us.
Tell me what we have learned that is necessary for plant growth. (Carbon dioxide, air, water, light, minerals, and nutrients) Today, we want to look through these magazines and make a life cycle of an animal using pictures and poster board.
How helpful to animals and how are animals helpful to plants? (response) What effect does the environment have upon plants and animals? (response) Could we have energy if it were not for plants? (response)
Tomorrow I want Tommy to bring a can of pineapple. Mary, bring two bananas. Carol, bring three stalks of celery. John, bring four carrots. Sue, bring a cucumber. Joe, bring a loaf of party rye and will bring a bowl of Italian dip. We will have a tasting party. I want you to think about where the food you bring comes from and be able to tell us tomorrow, where that food came from. What effect will that food have upon us?
Classroom Connector Two
Let's explore and see how plants depend upon animals. Animals provide plants with two things. Let's see what they are. How many of you have seen your parents give fertilizer or food to plants? Many times that fertilizer can be waste products from animals. Plants need that waste product or fertilizer to be big, pretty plants. The other way animals help plants is by the carbon dioxide that animals breathe out. (Have them to breathe, put hand in front of mouth and feel the air as they breathe out.) This is the carbon dioxide. This is what the plants need to live.
Now let's see how animals depend upon plants. If animals are in the forest and they hear an enemy approaching, where might they hide? (Among the trees) Right now you told me one way plants help animals. Animals hide in them.
Do you remember the air you felt on your hand where you breathed out? That air is called carbon dioxide. Well plants use that carbon dioxide in order to live and the plant in turn gives off oxygen. Oxygen is the gas that is in the air that we breathe. Take a deep breath. That was oxygen you pulled in your body. Now, where does that oxygen come from? (response)
Can you think of any other way that plants help animals? You know that people are animals, so let's think of ways plants help people. List: clothing, food, paper, wooden products, pleasure as pets, beauty of the earth. (Teacher could give an example of a plant to go with each item listed.)
Tell your neighbor one way plants help animals. Now tell your neighbor one way animals help plants
Classroom Connector Three (This is an optional lesson - use if an aquarium is available)
Today boys and girls, we are going to learn how plants and animals help each other.
Plants cannot live in this world alone. Animals cannot live in this world alone. They need each other. (If possible, have an aquarium available for observation.)
Let's look at the aquarium. What all is in the aquarium? (response) Now, why do we have both plants and animals in one container? Let's see about one at a time. How do these plants help the animals? (Prompt as necessary to make students realize that fish use plants to hide in. You might have to help them realize that fish use the oxygen from plants. Explain that oxygen is the air we breathe.) Now let's see how the animals help the plants. (Animals breathe out carbon dioxide that the plants need in order to live.)
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