CONCEPT: There are diseases associated with drug abuse.
CONTENT OBJECTIVE: 5G3.00 To understand the effects of drug abuse on the body
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: The learner will:
3.01 identify common diseases associated with alcohol.
3.02 identify common diseases associated with tobacco.
3.03 list the benefits of prescription drugs.
3.04 list the abuses of prescription drugs.
3.05 identify problems caused by the use of illegal drugs.
OUTLINE OF CONTENT:
I. Effects of Alcohol
A. Impaired Reflex
B. Liver Disease
C. Changes in Lifestyle
II. Effects of Tobacco
B. Heart Disease
III. Effects of Drugs
A. Prescription Drugs
B. Illegal Drugs
1. Impaired Reflex
2. Changes in Lifestyle
3. Increased Susceptibility to Blood Diseases
TN COMPONENT OF SCIENCE: Science In Society
To enable students to demonstrate attitudes toward science
in solving problems and making personal decisions about issues
affecting the individual, society, and the environment.
4.2 PERSONAL NEEDS - The application of science may
be used to change the quality of life for the individual
TN STANDARD(S): The learner will understand that:
4.2a Any individual can participate in and contribute to the process of science.
BENCHMARK: People use and contribute to science to improve their lives.
4.2b Science concepts may be applied to personal decisions.
BENCHMARK Individual behavior may be influenced by an understanding of science concepts
4.2c Science solves practical problems but may create new problems and needs for an individual..
BENCHMARK: All factors must be considered when determining solutions to problems. A solution to one problem may create other problems.
Three lessons, 50 minutes each
Classroom Connector One
Today we will identify the diseases associated with the use of alcohol. We have been discussing diseases that are not self-inflicted. How many of you, if given a choice, would choose to have one these diseases? When you decide to use alcohol, you are making a choice to take a chance at certain diseases.
Alcohol has many negative effects on the human body. Alcohol is depressant which means that it is a drug that tends to slow down the working of the brain and other parts of the nervous system. This in turn causes an individuals reflexes and reactions to be slowed. Studies have shown that only 3-4 beers cause a large decrease in coordination, ability to see and judgment; relaxing of self-control. (Pamphlets can be obtained from local clinics and Alcoholics Anonymous.) Alcohol also effects certain parts of the body and their functions. Nearly all alcohol consumed passes through the liver. The liver's job is to oxidize, or change into water and carbon dioxide, alcohol that is present. However, the liver can only oxidize one-half ounce of alcohol per hour. Too much alcohol causes a scarring of the liver known as cirrhosis. This disease can be deadly.
Alcohol also causes the stomach to make acids. Long time drinkers often suffer from ulcers, or open sores in the lining of the stomach.
Alcohol also causes trouble in our family and financial life. People who drink regularly take the chance of becoming addicted. An addiction is a physical or mental need for a drug or other substance. Studies have shown that people who begin drinking at an early age have a greater chance of becoming addicted. This raises the risk of family problems, losing jobs, and poor health.
Boys and girls, today we have discussed some of the disadvantages of alcohol abuse. On a scrap piece of paper, list at least two disadvantages we covered.
(Then divide into groups, put a 6 foot piece of tape on the floor. One at a time, spin a person around 10 times, then have them try and walk a straight tape line. This will let them simulate the affects of alcohol on your motor skills.
Have an officer from your local police department come to the class and speak about his/her dealings with alcohol. Show video tape from MADD or SADD (Mothers Against Drunk Drivers or Students Against Drunk Drivers.)
Classroom Connector Two
We have been discussing the affect of substances on our body.
Today we are going to discuss tobacco and its harmful affect on the body. How many of you have someone in your family that smoke?
Some tobacco users experience lung cancer, heart disease, and emphysema. (Discuss and define each of these. Go over the percentages of people who have lung cancer that smoke or smoked. This information can be obtained from the National Cancer Society) Discuss that the use of tobacco is a choice. Show pictures of people who have chewed tobacco and now have mouth, lip, or throat cancer. Go over the affects of side stream smoke.
We have discussed the affects of tobacco on the body. In your journal, write a letter to your favorite place to eat. You need to try and convince them to maintain a smoking section and / or to make their eating place totally smoke free. Back up your request by some things we have discussed and your feelings.
Ask a local physician to visit the classroom and discuss the diseases associated with tobacco use.
Classroom Connector Three
We have been discussing the affects of two drugs, tobacco and alcohol, that have harmful affects on our body. Today we are going to discuss drugs themselves (prescription and illegal drugs). How many of you have ever had to take medicine before?
Go over the fact that sometimes we do have to take medications. Go over and stress that we need to listen and follow doctor's and pharmacist's directions. Using medication properly can help cure sickness. The abuse of prescription medicine can have a very harmful affect on our body. Some people can become addicted to some drugs. Technology has improved the ability of medications to alleviate probes and illnesses.
Illegal drugs have become an increasing problem among our youth. Go over some types of illegal drugs (marijuana, cocaine, heroine, uppers, crack, downers). How these drugs impair our reflexes and our mental capability. A person that uses illegal drugs often finds themselves in financial despair because of supporting their drug habit. They often steal or lie to get their money.
Another problem with drug use is the increased susceptibility to blood diseases. AIDS has taken many drug abuser's lives. (Remember it only takes one time.)
Boys and Girls, we have studies about drugs that are used in a good way, such as prescription drugs and those that are harmful only. Get with a partner, list a good and bad use for a prescription drug. Then list a way that you think we could help solve the drug problem in the United States.
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