CONTENT OBJECTIVE: 4I4.00 To understand the relationships between the individual and the environment
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: The learner will:
4.01 relate some ways the environment impacts the individual.
4.02 relate some ways the individual affects the environment.
4.03 discuss how man and wildlife are subjected to the same conditions.
OUTLINE OF CONTENT:
I. Environment impacts individual
II. Individual affects environment
III. Condition affecting man and wildlife
IV. Web of life
TN COMPONENT OF SCIENCE: Habits of Mind
To enable students to demonstrate ways of thinking and
acting inherent on the practice of science; and to exhibit an
awareness of the historical and cultural contributions to the
enterprise of science.
HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE - The knowledge and processes of science have evolved over time as an approximation of truth within cultural contexts.
TN STANDARD(S): The learner will understand that:
3.1c The desire to understand the natural environment and to predict the course of natural events is universal.
BENCHMARK: Curiosity and interaction with the environment compel people to question and explain events that influence their lives.
3.1d The growth of scientific knowledge and most technological advances have resulted from the work accumulated over many centuries by men and women in every part of the world.
BENCHMARK: Scientific contributions and advances continue as a result of work done by people from different cultures and backgrounds.
Two instructional periods
Project Wild (elementary level), magazines and newspapers,
pencil and paper, slates, chalk
Today we will consider some of the ways man and the environment
affect each other. On your slate briefly give an example of or
draw a simple illustration of an example that you are familiar
with. Share your ideas.
(Write the word environment and man on the board
in a T chart. Set up a bulletin board display of pictures showing
man and his influence on environment. Through class discussion,
students define environment as everything around us, both living
and non-living. Discus the environment's impact on man, through
climate, weather, air pollution, noise pollution, and water pollution
by using the T chart to record information. Discuss man's impact
on environment, writing responses on board, through domesticating
animals, farming techniques, hunting, dumping toxic waste products,
dumping garbage, cutting trees, man's social interests and actions,
man's political actions, recreational interests. In discussing
the points under each main topic ask why and how these changes
will affect/have affected the inter-relationship between man and
Nature has the ability to maintain balance within itself. Most
environmental problems are caused by people interfering with this
balance. People's lifestyles directly affect their immediate environment
and indirectly affect environment as a whole because of nature's
interdependence. The choices that we make about our lifestyles
and our environment control our future. The technology and knowledge
are available to allow people to manage the environment without
destroying it. However, long-term environmental benefits are often
overlooked when short-term economic gains can be realized. The
key to making sound choices for the future is to weigh both the
costs and benefits of decisions carefully, not only in terms of
dollars, but in terms of its effect on the quality of our lives.
(Ask students to write a paragraph describing their own lifestyles.
Help students get started by suggesting they include a description
of their daily routine or how they enjoy spending leisure time.
Encourage them to concentrate on how they do things, not just
what they do.)
(Make sure students understand that environment impacts can be
positive and negative. Conduct an awareness walk in the school
neighborhood. Upon returning to class, discuss what the class
might do to improve the environment or lessen the environmental
impacts of certain activities. For example, a short-cut through
a grassy area might be closed or paved to reduce further damage
to the grass. Refuse containers could be installed to reduce litter
in another area. Examine newspapers and magazines for articles
about environmental issues. Have students evaluate these articles
and the environmental impact.
In this lesson we have learned how man influences his
environment and how the environment influences man. Write two
review questions to share with the class.
(Students will produce a skit on different environmental subjects: water pollution, air pollution, dumping garbage. In the library research environmental subjects/issues and write a report on the subject/issue. Examples are nuclear energy- pros and cons; arson and the cost of arson; dumping of toxic waste; traditional farming techniques vs. conventional farming; gypsy moth; oil spills or use of poisons by man. Create and write an ad campaign pro-con the environmental issue. Examples are nuclear waste and water pollution.) Share the completed projects within the classroom and/or with other 4th grade or younger classes.
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