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Resources

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Concertos

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Arnold, Malcolm
(1921-2006)

Concerto No. 1, op. 20 (1948)

7

5

With string orchestra
17:00
3 movements
To alt. G
Accomp. difficulty = 6
Conservative English style, with lots of arpeggios & highly controlled dissonance
Dedicated to Frederick Thurston

Corigliano, John
(b. 1938)

Concerto (1977)

8

10

With orchestra
30:00
3 movements
To alt. C
Accomp. difficulty = 10
Very difficult to put together with accompaniment
Contemporary style, with extended techniques in both solo & accompaniment
Commissioned by NY Phil & written for Stanley Drucker

Copland, Aaron
(1900-1990)

Concerto (1947-8)

10

10

With string orchestra, piano, & harp
18:00
1 movement in 3 sections (slow - cadenza - fast)
To alt. A#
Accomp. difficulty = 10
Endurance & ensemble are most difficult aspects
Jazz influences & calm, open harmonies
Also inf. by Brazilian tune & Charleston rhythms
Written for Benny Goodman & used in ballet Pied Piper

Crusell, Bernhard Henrik
(1755-1838)

Concerto in Bb Major, op. 11 (1828)

 

9.5

With orchestra
23:00
3 movements
To alt. G
Idiomatic, virtuosic writing over the entire range of the instrument
Last movement may have been inspired by Weber's alla polacca

Crusell, Bernhard Henrik
(1755-1838)

Concerto in Eb Major, op. 1, no. 1 (1811)

 

9.5

With orchestra
21:00
3 movements
To alt. F
Idiomatic, virtuosic writing over the entire range of the instrument

Crusell, Bernhard Henrik
(1755-1838)

Concerto in F Minor, op. 5 (1818)

 

9.5

With orchestra
25:00
3 movements
To alt. G
Idiomatic, virtuosic writing over the entire range of the instrument
Considered his finest clarinet work

Daugherty, Michael
(b. 1954)

Brooklyn Bridge (2005)

Liked

 

With band
20:00
4 movements

Dello Joio, Norman
(1913-2008)

Concertante (1949)

5

6

With orchestra
17:00
2 movements
To alt. G#
Changing meters & tempos; lots of accidentals

Dimmler, Franz Anton
(1753-1827)

Concerto in Bb Major (1795)

3

3

With orchestra
25:00
3 movements
To alt. D
Accomp. difficulty = 3
Style is most difficult aspect (traditional Classical style of Mannheim school)
Good concerto for a young student
Written for Franz Anton Dimmler, Jr.
One of first composers to use the chalumeau register of the clarinet
Some fast scalar and arpeggiated passages; other than that, mostly lyrical

Finzi, Gerald
(1901-1956)

Concerto in C Minor, op. 31 (1948-9)

9.5

8

With string orchestra
25:00
3 movements
To alt. Cb
Idiomatic writing & vocal style
Prem. by Frederic Thurston, with Finzi conducting

Hindemith, Paul
(1895-1963)

Concerto (1947)

5

7.5

With band
2 pages
To alt. E
Accompaniment not very difficult
Uses techniques like sustaining a trilled note while playing a melody & gradually disassembling the clarinet
Would make a good encore piece

Hoffmeister, Frans Anton
(1754-1812)

Concerto No. 2 (early 1780s)

5

5

With orchestra
9 pages
3 movements
To alt. G
Accomp. difficulty = 7
Classical style with lots of scalar and apreggiated passages
Articulations will need to be added
May have been written for Anton Stadler

Kleinsinger, George
(1914-1982)

Street Corner Concerto (1942)

4

5

With orchestra
7 pages
3 movements
To alt. G
Lots of tempo changes & accidentals
Originally written for harmonica & orchestra; also transcribed for alto saxophone & orchestra

Krommer, Franz Vinzenz
(1759-1831)

Concerto in Eb Major, op. 36 (1803

8

5

With orchestra
21:00
3 movements
To alt. G
Accomp. difficulty = 6
Classical, Schubert-esque style
Lots of scales and arpeggiations

Kurpinski, Karol
(1785-1857)

Concerto (1823)

6.5

9

With orchestra
7 pages
3 movements
To alt. C (or alt. A with ossia parts)
Accomp. difficulty = 4
Prem. in Paris on September 17, 1823

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
(1756-1791)

Concerto in A Major, K. 622 (1791)

10

8

With orchestra
29:30
3 movements
To alt. G
Accomp. difficulty = 7
Style is most difficult aspect
First to write expressively & for entire range
Model clarinet concerto for future composers
Similar to his quintet; cadenza from it frequently used in 2nd movement
Originally written for basset clarinet & no surviving score; therefore, many editions & much controversy
Last completed instrumental work
Considered Mozart's greatest wind concerto
Inspired by Anton Stadler

Nielsen, Carl
(1865-1931)

Concerto, op. 57 (1928)

10

10

For A clarinet with orchestra
25:00
1 movement with 4 sections & 2 cadenzas
To alt. Ab
Accomp. difficulty = 10
Technical with beautiful melodic moments
Written for Aage Oxenvaad, who had a volatile temper

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai
(1844-1908)

Concerto in Eb Major (1878)

5

4

With band
9:00
To alt. F
Accomp. difficulty = 3
Finger technique is most difficult aspect
Virtuosic, Romantic style
Written when Rimsky-Korsakov was Inspector of Naval Bands, although not performed at the time because he found the accompaniment too heavy

Rossini, Gioacchino
(1792-1868)

Introduction, Theme, and Variations in Eb Major (1809)

9

8

With orchestra
13:00
To alt. A
Accomp. difficulty = 6
Virtuosic, operatic style (bel canto - beautiful singing)
2 versions of cadenza (Stoltzman & Neidich)
Ded. to Alessandro Abate

Rossini, Gioacchino
(1792-1868)

Variations (1810)

 

6.5-7

With small orchestra
10:00
1 movement with 2 sections
To alt. E
Ded. to daughter of Valentine Lapelouze, newspaper owner & amateur clarinetist

Schreiner, Adolf

Immer Kleiner

5

7.5

With band
2 pages
To alt. E
Accompaniment not very difficult
Uses techniques like sustaining a trilled note while playing a melody & gradually disassembling the clarinet
Would make a good encore piece

Spohr, Ludwig
(1784-1859)

Concerto No. 1 in C Minor, op. 26 (1808)

8.5

9.5

With orchestra
24:00
3 movements
To alt. C
Virtuosic, Romantic style utilizing the entire range
Inf. by Spohr's experience playing violin (others more idiomatic)
All movements end piano, posing a programming challenge
Written for Johann Simon Hermstedt & commissioned by his employer, the prince

Spohr, Ludwig
(1784-1859)

Concerto No. 2 in Eb Major, op. 57 (1810)

7

10

With orchestra
25:00
3 movements
To alt. C
More operatic and difficult than #1
Written for Johann Simon Hermstedt

Spohr, Ludwig
(1784-1859)

Concerto No. 3 in F Minor (1821)

7.5

9.5

With orchestra
28:00
3 movements
To alt. B
Written for Johann Simon Hermstedt

Spohr, Ludwig
(1784-1859)

Concerto No. 4 in E Minor (1828)

 

10

For A clarinet with orchestra
23:00
3 movements
To alt. B
Most technically demanding of all Spohr's works
Written for Johann Simon Hermstedt

Spohr, Ludwig
(1784-1859)

Fantasia and Variations on a Theme of Danzi, op. 81 (1814)

 

9.5-10

With orchestra (later arr. for band)
7:00
1 movement in 3 sections
To alt. C
Spohr met Danzi in 1808
Written for Johann Simon Hermstedt

Spohr, Ludwig
(1784-1859)

Theme and Variations on a Theme from Alruna in Bb Major (1809)

 

9.5-10

With orchestra
7:00
To alt. C
Alruna is Spohr's opera from 1808; this is based on sop/cl duet from 2nd act
Written for Johann Simon Hermstedt

Stamitz, Carl
(1745-1801)

Concerto No. 3 in Bb Major (1785)

4

4

With orchestra
15:00
3 movements
To alt. E
Finger technique and endurance are most difficult aspects
Stereotypical Classical/Mannheim music, with predictable phrasing and simple texture & harmony
Good before Mozart to teach Classical style
Written for Joseph Beer (Czech), earliest known clarinet virtuoso

Stamitz, Carl
(1746-1801)

Concerto No. 11 in Eb Major (ca. 1780)

 

7.5-8

With orchestra
18:00
3 movements
To alt. G
Written for Joseph Beer (Czech), earliest known clarinet virtuoso

Stamitz, Johann Wenzel Anton
(1717-1757)

Concerto in Bb Major (ca. 1750)

 

8-8.5

With string orchestra
16:00
3 movements
To alt. E
Style is transitional from Baroque to Classical

Stevens, Halsey
(1908-1989)

Concerto (1968-9)

8

9.5-10

With string orchestra
19:15
3 movements
To alt. A
Accomp. difficulty = 9
Style is modern but tonal (although very chromatic)
Written for Lee Gibson (professor @ UNT)
Ded. to William Morrison, an American pianist

Stravinsky, Igor
(1882-1971)

Ebony Concerto (1945)

8

8

With jazz ensemble
9:15
3 movements
To alt. F
Ensemble is most difficult aspect
Combines jazz & classical
Written for Woody Hermant

Verdi, Giuseppi
(1833-1901)

La Forza del Destino Clarinet Solo from Act 3

8.5

6

Arr. Ben Armato

Weber, Carl Maria von
(1786-1826)

Concertino in C Minor, op. 26 (1811)

9

7

With orchestra (also a version for band)
9:00
To alt. F
Romantic showpiece in one movement; theme & variations format
Written for Heinrich Baermann
Composed in 3 days, before his concertos
After premiered, lots of players requested he write works for their instruments

Weber, Carl Maria von
(1786-1826)

Concerto No. 1 in F Minor, op. 73 (1811)

9

8.5

With orchestra (also a version for band)
21:00
3 movements
To alt. G
Accomp. difficulty = 7
Romantic style
Commissioned by the King after success of Weber's Concertino
Written for Heinrich Baermann

Weber, Carl Maria von
(1786-1826)

Concerto No. 2 in Eb Major, op. 74 (1811)

9

8.5

With orchestra (later arr. for band)
22:00
3 movements
To alt. Bb (in 1st movement only)
Written for Heinrich Baermann
Commissioned by the King after success of Weber's Concertino

With Piano

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Agrell, Jeffrey
(b. 1948)

Aviary Divertimento (1997)

5

9

For Bb, Eb, & bass (1 player) with piano
27:00
7 movements, which can be performed separately
Each movement inspired by specific bird & distinct style (calypso, march, etc...)
Style & technique are most difficult aspects
Written for Bernard Rothlisberger
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Aranyi, Gyorgy
(b. 1923)

Rapszodia

7.5

7.5

7:00
1 movement
Alternate lyrical & agitated sections
Sparse piano part in lyrical sections
Out of print; score available from ICA library
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Baermann, Carl
(1810-1885)

Souvenirs de Bellini, op. 52

6.5

10

Very flashy

Baksa, Robert
(b. 1938)

Hummingbird Scherzo (1990)

3

5

6 pages
1 movement
To alt. G
Similar to Hindemith: wrote for many instruments, even "neglected" ones (tuba, English horn, harpsichord, etc...)
Good piece to teach compound meters (common 3/8 & 6/8 rhythms)

Banks, Ridgway

Sonata (1957)

7.5

7

5:00
Reminiscent of Hindemith
Accessible, lyrical/vocal style
Composer was a student of Boulanger
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium

Bassi, Luigi
(1833-1871)

Fantasia da concerto su motivi del Rigoletto di G. Verdi (1851)

9

9

8:00
Flashy
Piano part not very difficult

Bermel, Derek
(b. 1967)

SchiZm (1994)

9

9.5

8:00
2 movements
Raucous & humorous, but with a melody
Fun for both the performers & the audience
Soft, pure tone & extended techniques are most difficult aspects
ETs inc. multiphonics, glissandi, and singing + playing
Originally for oboe & piano; trans. by the composer
Composer was a clarinetist
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Bjelinski, Bruno
(1909-1992)

Sonata

Liked

 

3 movements

Bozza, Eugene
(1905-1991)

Pulcinella, op. 53, no. 1 (1944)

6

8

3:30
1 movement
Upbeat but monotonous
Finger technique, rhythm & articulationare most difficult aspects
Originally for saxophone
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Bruch, Max
(1838-1920)

Swedish Dances (1892)

6

5

Introduction & 15 (short) dances
Trans. Luigi Magistrelli & Stefano Lazzoni (1997)
To alt. G
Originally written for violin & orchestra, then transcribed for violin & piano, then for clarinet & piano
Uses Scandinavian & Hebrew folk melodies
Musicality & finger legato are most difficult aspects

Cavallini, Ernesto
(1807-1874)

Adagio and Tarantella

7

6

6:00
1 movement, in two sections: free, cadenze-like and dance
To alt. E (optional alt. G)
Piano part not difficult; very chordal
Principle clarinetist in La Scala Opera Orchestra; "Paganini of the clarinet"
Verdi wrote 51-measure solo in La Forza del Destino for him
Technically challenging; also need light staccato
Southern edition contains cadenza at beginning; use different edition if cadenza is too advanced

Cossetto, Emil
(1918-2006)

Lied und Czardas aus Nordkroatien

8.5

7

5:00
2 movements
Active piano part
Folksy, rhapsodic vocal style
Fun & accessible
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Demersseman, Jules
(1833-1866)

Morceau de Concert, op. 31

6.5

8.5

8:00
1 movement
Very French
Dramatic, quasi-orchestral introduction
Lots of echoes & chords in clarinet
Finger technique is most difficult aspect, although it's all scalar & chordal
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Engle, David
(b. 1938)

Sonata for Clarinet and Piano (2001)

Didn't like

 

 

Etezady, Roshanne
(b. 1973)

Bright Angel (2007)

9

10

17:00
4 movements - 3rd for clarinet alone - 4th starts with *beautiful* chorale
Piano part very difficult
Ded. to Michael Sullivan

Finzi, Gerald
(1901-1956)

Five Bagatelles (1938-43)

7

4.5

15:00
5 movements
To alt. G
Vocal style; beautiful, lyrical melodies, but with some awkward leaps
Odd, changing meters; some tricky rhythms
Premiered in 1943 without the Fughetta

Finzi, Gerald
(1901-1956)

Five Bagatelles (1938-43)

7

4.5

15:00
5 movements
To alt. G
Vocal style; beautiful, lyrical melodies, but with some awkward leaps
Odd, changing meters; some tricky rhythms
Premiered in 1943 without the Fughetta

Frackenpohl, Arthur
(b. 1924)

Sonata (1996)

7

6

3 movements
Good for advanced HS/young college student
Musicianship is most difficult aspect

Francaix, Jean
(1912-1997)

Tema con Variazioni (1974)

Liked

 

Theme, 6 variations, & cadenza (between var. 5 & 6)
Paris Conservatoire piece

Gause, D.

The Spanish Trail (2008)

Didn't like

 

 

Giacoma, Carlo Della
(1858-1929)

Fantasy on Mascagni's Cavalleria Rusticana (1891)

Liked

 

 

Gibson, Robert
(b. 1950)

Three Etudes (2000

5

8.5

13:00
May be too flashy

Guastavino, Carlos
(1912-2000)

Tonada y Cueca (1965)

9

7.5

6:30
2 movements
Active piano part
Folksy style; lyrical, passionate, & FUN
Composer is Argentinian
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Harlos, Steven
(b. 1953)

Benniana (2007)

8

9.5

3 movements

Honegger, Arthur
(1892-1955)

Sonatine (1921-22)

7.5

6.5

6:30
3 movements
To alt. E
Accomp. difficulty = 8
Modern style, tonal yet dissonant, with some jazz and contrapuntal influences
Rhythm & leaps most difficult aspects
Written for clarinet or cello
Dedicated to Werner Reinhart, whom Stravinsky also wrote for

Kibbe, Michael
(b. 1946)

Four Pieces, op. 70 (1983)

7.5

7.5

Accessible - sounds like cartoon music

Kovacs, Bela
(b. 1937)

Sholem-alekhem, rov Feidman!

8.5

7.5

4:45
1 movement: slow introduction and a fast dance
Accompaniment not too difficult
Style is most difficult aspect
Uses vibrato & pitch bends
Written as a tribute to Giora Feidman, a Klezmer musician
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Kraft, Leo
(b. 1922)

Five Pieces (1962)

6

6

6 pages
5 movements, each with a different character
To alt. A
Busy accompaniment; lots of two against three
Must be comfortable with two against three
Need a light staccato, wide dynamic range, and ease in altissimo

Krejn, Grigori
(1879-1953)

Rhapsody (1941, rev. 1948)

Didn't like

 

 

Lobanov, Vassily
(b. 1947)

Sonata, op. 45 (1989)

2.5

7

3 movements
Somewhat interminable
No melodic content, with ET for ET sake

Lutoslawski, Witold
(1913-1994)

Dance Preludes (1955)

5

6

9:30
5 movements; mvmt III is hardest
To alt. G
Piano part is difficult
Features meter changes & unusual notation
Need light staccato, good sense of rhythm, and smooth finger legato
Good for working on grace notes & introducing meter changes
Sounds good at tempo, but still effective under tempo

Machado, Johnson
(b. 1967)

Sonatina (2007)

8

8

11:00
3 movements - 2nd is lyrical & pretty, 3rd is hardest (technical)
Piano difficulty = 6.5
Accessible & fun

Mahle, Ernst
(b. 1929)

Sonatina (1974)

7.5

7

3 pages
Piano not easy
Style is most difficult aspect
A little repetitive at times

Martinu, Bohuslav
(1890-1959)

Sonatina (1956)

9

9.5

8:00
3 movements
Technique is most difficult aspect
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Mendelssohn, Felix
(1809-1847)

Sonata in F Major

6

8

Very long!
3 movements - 1st & 3rd flashy, without substance
Trans. C. Neidich

Meyn, Till MacIvor
(b. 1970)

Red/Blue (2008)

3

7

4 movements
Sometimes tedious
Not idiomatic, causing tempos that seem too slow just to accommodate a few difficult passages

Mignone, Francisco
(1897-1986)

Concertino (1957)

5

8

10:00
3 movements
A little rambling

Mouquet, Jules
(1867-1946)

Solo de Concours (1902)

4

6

5:30
1 movement; 1st half is lyrical & 2nd is technical
To alt. F
Piano part is easy; very chordal
Need light staccato
1902 Contest Piece

Neidich, Charles
(b. 1953)

Threnos (2005)

Didn't like

 

 

Nobre, Marlos
(b. 1939)

Desafio X (1968)

3.5

8.5

6:00
A bit repetitive
Begins with cadenza
Lots of altissimo

Novacek, John
(b. 1964)

Four Rags for Two Jons (2009)

9.5

8.5

12:00
4 movements; can be performed separately
1st is fast; 2nd is slow; 3rd is jazzy; 4th is hardest
Piano part isn't too difficult but has melody at times
Humorous & fun; accessible
Sparse texture
Style is most difficult aspect
Also (originally) in other arrangements, inc. vln/pno, 2 pno, etc...; this is the composer's favorite
Written for Jon Manasse & Jon Nakamatsu (pno - Van Cliburn winner)
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Piazzolla, Astor
Tango-Etudes

Fantasy on Mascagni's Cavalleria Rusticana (1891)

Liked

 

6 etudes that can be performed as a group or separately

Prokofiev, Sergei
(1891-1953)

Suite from Romeo and Juliet

Liked

 

4 movements
Arr. Boris Prorvich

Rabaud, Henri
(1873-1949)

Solo de Concours (1901)

6

6

4:30
1 movement; beginning & end are technical, and middle is lyrical
To alt. G
Accomp. is easy; chordal
Need clean fingers and comfort moving between duple & triple subdivisions
Runs are mostly scalar or triadic
Very little articulation
1901, 1908, & 1937 Contest Piece

Rajna, Thomas
(b. 1928)

Dialogues (pub. 1970)

4

6

6:30
1 movement
To alt. A
Piano part is busy
Wide dynamic range
Ease in altissimo is a must
Written for

Ravel, Maurice
(1875-1937)

Piece en forme de habanera (1907)

9

8

3:00
1 movement
Piano part not too difficult
Slow, with a sparse texture
Style & pristine tone are most difficult aspects
Originally bass voice & piano
Arr. Gaston Hamlin
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Reger, Max
(1873-1916)

Two Pieces (1902)

7.5

6

5:00
2 movements: Albumleaf and Tarantella
To alt. E
Accomp. difficulty = 8 (mostly b/c of last section of Tarantella)
Father played the clarinet
Romantic style: chromaticism, hemiola, negation of beat
Need good sense of rhythm & air support over leaps

Siqueira, Jose
(1907-1985)

Sonatina (1978)

8

7

8:00
3 movements - 2nd *gorgeous!* - articulation important in 3rd
Piano not too difficult

Siqueira, Jose
(1907-1985)

Three Studies (1963)

7.5

9.5

7:00
3 movements - 2nd very fun!
Flashy but with substance
Technique & style most difficult

Stanford, Charles
(1852-1924)

Sonata (1911)

4

4

20:00
3 movements
To alt. F
Movements I & III show Brahms's influence
Movement II is an Irish lament
Dedicated to Oscar Street & Charles Draper

Templeton, Alec
(1909-1963)

Pocket Size Sonata (No. 1 or 2?)

9.5

8.5

7:30
3 movements (Improvisation, Modal Blues, In Rhythm)
Jazz-influenced, but not overly jazzy
Style is most difficult aspect
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Voglar, Crt Soja
(b. 1976)

Jeux #2

Liked

 

 

Wanhal, Johann Baptist
(1739-1813)

Sonata No. 3 in Bb (c. 1780)

6.5

5

6 pages
3 movements
To alt. E
Accomp. difficulty = 5
Classical style: very little chromaticism, chordal accompaniment, forms
I: sonata form (with repeats); III: Rondo
One of the earliest clarinet sonatas
Wanhal was influenced by Mozart and possibly had an influence on him
Need a steady pulse, light articulation, and solid finger technique

Welcher, Dan
(b. 1948)

Dante Dances

8.5

9.5

16:00
7 movements
Very fun!
Later orchestrated by the composer

Weston, Craig
(b. 1963)

Stehekin Sonata (2008)

6

9.5

13:30
3 movements; 1st based on 4-note motive; rhythm difficult in 3rd
Difficult piano part
Ensemble & intonation are most difficult aspects
Written for Tod Kerstetter, prof. at Kansas State
Influenced by North Cascades National Park, esp. John Muir's description of it
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Solo Clarinet

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Adler, Samuel

Canto XIV: A Klezmer Fantasy (1997)

 

8-8.5

Range: E to B

Arnold, Malcolm
(1921-2006)

Fantasy, op. 87 (1966)

 

4.5-5

Range: E to F

Bach, Johann Sebastian

Chromatic Fantasia (ca. 1720s)

9.5

9.5

Arr. Gustave Langenus (1944)
Range: E to E

Bassett, Leslie

Soliloquies (1976)

9

10

Range: E to B
Requires ETs

Bennett, David

A Cappella Clarinet (1979)

 

3.5-4

Range: E to Ab (optional C)

Brosse, Dirk
(b. 1960)

Autumn

4.5

8.5

A bit rambling

Bucchi, Valentino

Concerto (1969)

 

9

Range: E to A
Requires ETs

Cage, John

Sonata (1933)

 

7

Range: E to Ab

Dekleva, Igor
(b. 1933)

Solo pour la nuit (2004)

Liked

 

 

Einem, Gottfried von

Seltsame Tanze, op. 111 (1997)

 

3.5-4

Range: E to G (some only go to E or F)

Giron, Arsenio

Three Bagatelles (1987)

 

5.5-6

Range: G to E

Harvey, Paul

Three Etudes on Themes of George Gershwin (1975)

9.5

7.5

Range: E to G

Jacob, Gordon

Five Pieces (1972)

5.5

4

Range: E to F

Kavasch, Deborah

Celestial Dreamscape (1995)

7.5

8.5

2 movements
Range: E to C
ETs inc. multiphonics and quarter tones

Krenek, Ernst

Monologue (1956)

 

4

Range: E to G

Larsen, Libby
(b. 1950)

Dancing Solo (1994)

Liked

9.5

5 movements
11:30
Range: E to "highest note possible"

Machado, Johnson
(b. 1967)

Estudo I (2003)

7

7.5

Not long
ETs inc. fluttertonguing, multiphonics, pitch bends, & quarter tones
Possibly a good early ET piece

Mandat, Eric
(b. 1957)

Folk Songs (1986)

Liked

 

Extended techniques: flutter tonguing, singing through the clarinet, circular breathing, quarter tones, multiphonics

Mandat, Eric
(b. 1957)

SubtrainS "O" Strata'S fearS (SOS) (1996)

Liked

 

Extended techniques: multiple tonguing, circular breathing, quarter tones, extreme altissimo, improvisation, tapping foot, multiphonics

McAllister, Scott

Four Preludes on Playthings of the Wind (1994)

8.5

9

4 movements
Range: E to B
Requires ETs
Inspired by Carl Sandburg's poem of the same name

Messiaen, Olivier

Abyss of the Birds (1941)

9.5

9.5

3rd movement from the Quartet for the End of Time
Range: E to G

Olah, Tiberiu
(b. 1928)

Sonate

8.5

9.5

4:00
1 movement
Difficult technical passages (rock-like) with a few lyrical ones
Technique is most difficult aspect
Composer is Iranian
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Opperman, Kalmen

Un Seul (1998)

 

4

Range: E to A
For Bb or bass

Osborne, Willson

Rhapsody (1952)

7

4.5

Range: E to Db

Penderecki, Krzysztof

Prelude (1987)

Liked

8.5

Range: E to C

Perle, George

Three Sonatas (1943)

 

7.5-8

Range: G to F# (#1-2), G to A (#3)

Ran, Shulamit
(b. 1949)

For an Actor: Monologue for Clarinet (1978)

6.5

9.5

For A clarinet
7:00
1 movement
To alt. C
Modern, avant-garde style
Style, technical passages, & tempo are most difficult aspects
ETs inc. multiphonics, flutter tonguing, & pitch bends
Premiered by Larua Flax
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Rozsa, Miklos

Sonata, op. 41 (1987)

7.5

8

Range: E to F

Rozsa, Miklos

Sonatina, op. 27 (1957)

7.5

7.5

Range: E to A

Sedicias, Dimas
(1930-2001)

Clari-Videncias (1999)

5

8

3:00
2 movements
No extended techniques

Smith, William O.
(b. 1926)

Five Fragments for Double Clarinet (1977)

7.5

9

Uses the upper & lower joints separately; need 2 mouthpieces, ligatures, & reeds
7:30
5 movements
Parlor trick, but with interesting sonic effects/ideas
Intonation & playing 2 lines are most difficult aspects
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Steinberg, Paul
(b. 1946)

Hexad (1978)

4

8.5

8:00
6 movements; I & II are lyrical; VI is most fun
Modern but tonal; rambling
Uses stop tonguing
Composer is a clarinetist & he wrote it for himself
Each mvmt represents a clarinetist he knew
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Stravinsky, Igor

Three Pieces (1918)

9.5

8

For A & Bb clarinets
Range: E to G

Sutermeister, Heinrich

Capriccio (1946)

9

7.5

For A clarinet
Range: E to G

Tomasi, Henri

Sonatine Attique (1956)

 

8

Range: F# to G

Tower, Joan

Wings (1981)

9.5

10

Range: E to A

Widmann, Jorg
(b. 1973)

Fantasie (1993)

8

9

Inc. some extended techniques (pitch bends, multiphonics)
Lyrical - not ET for ET sake
Good early ET piece

Wilson, Dana
(b. 1946)

Piece for Clarinet Alone (1982)

Liked

 

Extended techniques: multiphonics, flutter tonguing, extreme altissimo, pitch bends

Yadzinski, Ed
(b. 1940)

Sirene (1989)

8

8.5

Approx. 6-7 minutes
1 movement
To alt. C
Dramatic & fun, with no ETs
Large leaps are most difficult aspects
(Heard at 2009 OK Symposium)

Electronics

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Ardovino, Lori

Variations on Themes by Black Sabbath (2009)

3

8

Unaccompanied, with optional electronic delay
7:00
3 movements, each based on a Black Sabbath song
Interesting initially, but became old quick
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Cornicello, Anthony
(b. 1964)

Syncretic Resonances (2008)

Didn't like

 

For 2 clarinets & computer
Lots of special effects

Ellis, Merrill

A Dream Fantasy (1973)

6

9.5

With percussion, tape (or CD), 2 slide (or Powerpoint) projectors, & 2 film (or VHS) projectors
Logistics are very complicated, requiring lots of people to run electronics
Calls for acting from both musicians & noises on the mouthpiece

Long, Patrick
(b. 1968)

De Profundis (2006)

2.5

5

With DVD on religious texts

Muhly, Nico
(b. 1981)

It Goes Without Saying (2005)

3.5

 

With tape
A bit long
Interesting (in a good way)
Sometimes hard to hear soloist because tape inc. clarinet
No extended techniques

Resanovic, Nikola
(b. 1955)

Alt.Music.Ballistix (1995)

9.5

9

With tape
4 movements (continuous)
No extended techniques

Shapiro, Alex
(b. 1962)

Water Voyage (2007)

Didn't like

 

For 2 clarinets & tape

Shatin, Judith
(b. 1949)

Grito del Corazon (2001, rev. 2007)

Didn't like

 

For clarinet, bass clarinet, electronics, & video
Very modern

Weidenaar, Reynold

Night Flame Ritual (1983)

8.5

9

With live audio processing & DVD
Best work with visuals yet!
Obviously from the 80s

Wiemann, Beth

Dodge at Mann Gulch (2004)

7.5

7

With DVD
Story with clarinet accompaniment
Technically challenging & difficult to put together

Wilson, Olly
(b. 1937)

Echoes (1974)

Didn't like

 

For clarinet& electronics
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Bass Clarinet

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Ardovino, Lori

Variations on Themes by Black Sabbath (2009)

3

8

Unaccompanied, with optional electronic delay
7:00
3 movements, each based on a Black Sabbath song
Interesting initially, but became old quick
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Babbitt, Milton

My Ends Are My Beginnings (1978)

 

9-9.5

For bass AND Bb
Range: E to F (Bb) & Eb to D (bass)

Bach, Johann Sebastian

Six Suites, BWV 1007-1012 (ca. 1720)

10

9.5

Each suite has 6 movements
Arr. Michael Davenport (2005)

Bermel, Derek
(b. 1967)

Sonata Humana (1991)

6.5

9

With piano
12:00
3 movements; 2nd very delicate
Some ETs (flutter tonguing & pitch bends)
Written for Robert Tuttle & Lynn Kompass
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Bozza, Eugene
(1905-1991)

Ballade

8.5

6.5

With piano

Carter, Elliott

Steep Steps (2001)

 

7.5-8

Range: Db to G#

Erdmann, Dietrich

Monolog (1984)

 

4.5-5

Range: C to D

Kagel, Mauricio

Schattenklange: Drei Stucke (1995)

 

9.5-10

Range: C to Ab

Lang, David
(b. 1957)

Press Release (1991)

9

10

Unaccompanied
9:00
1 movement
Rock-like, with a driving beat (constant motion)
Sounds like two people are playing
Technique, registral leaps, & soft passages are most difficult aspects
Written for Evan Ziporyn, bass clarinetist with Bang on a Can
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Phillips, Burrill
(1907-1988)

Concert Piece (1940)

7

6.5

With piano
Some altissimo

Prinz, Alfred
(b. 1930)

Sonata (2002)

6

9

With piano
4 movements

Siegel, Wayne
(b. 1953)

Jackdaw (1995, rev. 2000)

8.5

9

With tape
Need great rhythm because of phase shifting
Sometimes hard to hear soloist
No extended techniques

Books of Music

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Bach, Johann Sebastian

Bach for the Clarinet (ca. 1720s)

 

8-8.5

Unaccompanied solos, primarily from violin & cello suites
Arr. Ronald L. Caravan (1998)

Kovacs, Bela)

Hommages (1994)

9.5

6.5-9.5

Unaccompanied solos in the styles of 9 composers

Paganini, Nicolo

14 Caprices from op. 1 and Moto Perpetuo, op. 11, no. 6 (1805 & 1835)

 

5-5.5

Unaccompanied

Weston, Pamela (ed.)

17 Classical Solos for Unaccompanied Clarinet (1773-1885)

 

3-5.5

Mostly transcriptions, but good for a young player looking for an unaccompanied solo

Chamber

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Argento, Dominic
(b. 1927)

To Be Sung Upon the Water

7.5

8.5

sop/cl/pno
8 movements
Requires both Bb & bass clarinet
Ensemble & intonation most difficult

Arguello, Alejandro
(b. 1972)

Landscape No. 4 "Voices from the Darkness" (2008)

8

8.5

cl/str 4
New but accessible - in vein of movie music

Camilleri, Charles
(b. 1931)

Divertimento No. 1 "Hommage a Manuel de Falla" (1957)

9.5-10

9

2 cl/pno
9:00
3 movements - ensemble difficult in beginning of 3rd
Fun & accessible
Very good for VA!
Unpublished =(

Douglas, Bill
(b. 1944)

Suite Cantando (2006)

9

8

cl/bsn/pno
3 movements
Fun and accessible
Possible Latin-American influences
Balance & style most tricky; technique not too difficult

Douglas, Bill (arr.)

(Three Jazz Arrangements)

8

8

cl/bass cl
7:00
Movements: Well, You Needn't (Thelonious Monk) - Round
Midnight (Monk) - Night in Tunisia (Dizzy Gillespie)
Fun & accessible
Easy to put together
Not overly jazzy

Etezady, Roshanne
(b. 1973)

Siren (2008)

2

10

2 cl
9:00
High & flashy

Francaix, Jean
(1912-1997)

Quatuor (1933)

Liked

 

Woodwind Quartet
Rhythmically difficult, both individually and ensemble-wise

Freund, Don
(b. 1947)

Rite Now! (2008)

3

8.5

cl/bass cl/pno
12:00
Flashy
Very dissonant

Glazunov, Alexander
(1865-1936)

Reverie orientale

Liked

 

cl/str 4

Harbison, John
(b. 1938)

Trio Sonata (1995)

6

7.5

2 Bbs & bass
4 movements, all fast
No extended techniques

Higdon, Jennifer
(b. 1962)

Dash (2002)

7.5

10

vln/cl/pno
5:00
1 movement
Constant motion
Ensemble timing is most difficult aspect
Commissioned by Verdehr Trio
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Hoiby, Lee
(b. 1926)

Rock Valley Trio (2007)

10

8

vln/cl/pno
8:30
1 movement
Joyous American folk sound
Very song-like, lyrical melody; very accessible
Romantic, sweeping gestures
Commissioned by Verdehr Trio
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Houle, Francois
(b. 1961)

Of Spheres Unbound (2008)

3

9

5 cl (4 Bb + 1 Bb/bass)
Modern & ET
Novelties, like slap tonguing & playing on upper joint

Kibbe, Michael
(b. 1945)

Serenade, Op. 131

Liked

 

2 cl
2nd, 5th, & 6th movements esp. good

Larsen, Libby
(b. 1950)

Yellow Jersey (2004)

7.5

9.5

2 cl
8:00
A bit long; gets repetitive at times
Parts are equal, but ensemble too difficult for VA

Mandat, Eric
(b. 1957)

Bipolarang (2008)

5

9.5

2 cl
8:00
Ensemble is difficult
Uses quarter tones & multiphonics - ET for ET sake

Mandat, Eric
(b. 1957)

What Elsa's New (1997)

5

9.5

2 cl
Flashy

Martin, Theresa
(b. 1979)

Solar Flair (2004)

8

9

2 cl
6:00
Fun & accessible
Showy but with substance
Good opener or closer, but not buried in the middle
Probably too difficult for VA
Difficult both individually & as an ensemble

Martinu, Bohuslav
(1890-1959)

Quatre Madrigaux (1937)

7.5

8

ob/cl/bsn
20:00
4 movements
Very long; rambles at times
For C clarinet!

McCabe, John
(b. 1939)

Bagatelles (1965)

7.5

9.5

2 cl (no pno)
11:00
8 short movements with distinct characters
Accessible
Technique, blend, & pure tone are most difficult aspects
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Rimple, Mark
(b. 1969)

Four Canons

6

7.5

cl/Eng hn

Rorem, Ned
(b. 1923)

Ariel (Five Poems of Sylvia Plath)

5

8

sop/cl/pno
Soprano difficulty = 9.5
Interesting but very modern

Rota, Nino
(1911-1979)

Trio

9

8.5

cl/vlc/pno
GREAT less common piece for this ensemble!
3 movements - 3rd is very accessible but most difficult
Rota was a film composer

Sargon, Simon
(b. 1938)

"Birds of a Feather..." (2008)

9

8.5-9

2 cl
7:30
6 movements - ensemble difficult in 2nd & 6th
Really fun & accessible
Good for VA (may have to limit movements)

Schocker, Gary
(b. 1959)

Sonata (1996)

9.5

8.5

2 cl/pno
14:00
3 movements
Parts are equal, inc. piano
Neoromantic style; melodic, not "mdoern"
Ensemble blend & timing are most difficult aspects
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Sierra, Roberto
(b. 1953)

Recordando una melodia olividada (2008)
(Remembrance of a Forgotten Melody)

8.5

9.5

vln/cl/pno
12:30; would've been *great* if half the length
1 movement
Slow melody with bursts of virtuosic passages
Technical aspects and ensemble blend/timing are most difficult aspects
Commissioned by Verdehr Trio
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Thomas, Augusta Read
(b. 1964)

Dancing Helix Rituals (2006)

4

10

vln/cl/pno
8:00
1 movement
Lots of notes with no sense of flow/organization/melody
Commissioned by Verdehr Trio
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Tomasi, Henri
(b. 1953)

Recordando una melodia olividada (2008)
(Remembrance of a Forgotten Melody)

8.5

9.5

vln/cl/pno
12:30; would've been *great* if half the length
1 movement
Slow melody with bursts of virtuosic passages
Technical aspects and ensemble blend/timing are most difficult aspects
Commissioned by Verdehr Trio
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Wolfgang, Gernot
(b. 1953)

Sketch Book (2007)

9.5

9.5

vln/cl/pno
19:00
3 movements
Jazz influenced, but not jazz per se
Lots of folk influence & interesting harmonies (in a good way)
Ensemble timing is most difficult aspect
Commissioned by Verdehr Trio
(Heard at 2009 Oklahoma Symposium)

Clarinet Quartet

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Anderson, Leroy
(1908-1975)

Clarinet Candy

7

6.5-7

With piano (pretty easy - chordal figurations)
Fun & not difficult to put together
Lots of runs, but scalar

Carter, Elliott
(b. 1908)

Canonic Suite (1981)

8.5

8

6:00
3 movements
Accessible
Not jazzy
All parts important
Intonation is most difficult aspect
One of the better quartets!

Frank, Andrew

Quartet (2002)

6

7.5

3 movements
Inc. Eb & bass
Ensemble is most difficult aspect

Hanley, James F.
(1892-1942)

Back Home Again in Indiana

6

8

3:00
Arr. Bill Holcombe
Jazzy
Style & clarity are most difficult aspects

Henry, Michael
(b. 1963)

Birdwatching (A Fancier's Handbook)

8.5

9

6 movements, each short & interesting
Could perform fewer movements to make it easier

Lockhart, Beatriz
(b. 1944)

Estampas Criollas (1984)

9.5

9

9:00
4 movements
Arr. Jorge Montilla
All parts important
Very fun!!
Technique & style most difficult aspects

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
(1756-1791)

Andante, from Divertimento No. 1, K. 136

8

7.5

5:00
Trans. Michael Reid
Difficulty lies in blend, intonation, & style
A bit first-heavy

Suzuki, Eiji
(b. 1965)

Foster Rhapsody

Liked

 

 

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich
(1840-1893)

Serenade - Waltzer, op. 48

Liked

 

Arr. Russell Coleman

Uhl, Alfred
(1909-1993)

Divertimento

7

8.5

13:00
3 movements
A bit rambling at times
But growing on me...

Velez, Carlos A.

Caricatures (1980)

8.5

9.5

4 movements
Inc. 2 Ebs & bass, with instrument changes for different movements
Fun & accessible
Intonation is most difficult aspect

Wilson, Dana
(b. 1946)

Come Out and Play (2008)

9

9.5

Some unconventional techniques, inc. playing on mouthpiece & clapping

Wilson, Kenneth A.
(b. 1946)

Variations on a Theme of Paganini

Liked

 

 

Ziporyn, Evan
(b. 1959)

Hive (2007)

7

10

2 Bbs & 2 basses
Interesting & kind of cool
A bit long
Some fluttertonguing in bass

Clarinet Choir

Composer Piece Quality Difficulty Comments

Bach, Johann Sebastian

Toccata and Fugue in D Minor

8.5

7

9:00
Need strong low clarinets!
Eb not very important

Baermann, Heinrich
(1784-1847)

Adagio

7.5

3

With solo cl (difficulty = 7; line & tone)
5:00
Arr. Tod Kerstetter
Great feature for soloist!

Basler, Paul
(b. 1963)

Jambo (2008)

6.5

5

3:00
Accessible & fun

Dvorak, Antonin

Slavonic Dances

6

7

With timpani, bass drum, & triangle
5:00
Arr. Ron Scott

Elgar, Edward

Nimrod

9

5

3:00
Arr. Jamie Murrow
Phrasing is most difficult aspect

Fillmore, Henry
(1881-1956)

Rolling Thunder (1916)

7

6

2:00
Arr. Matt Johnston
Good arrangement
Upper voices most difficult
Need a good Eb player

Frederickson, Jack

Tribute to the Duke

7

7

6:00
Style is most difficult aspect
Good arrangement & accessible

Holst, Gustav
(1874-1934)

Suite No. 2 in F, op. 28 (1911)

8.5

7

With string bass & percussion (snare, cymbals, triangle, anvil, 2 timp)
13:00
4 movements
Arr. Matt Johnston
Based on the 2nd Suite for band
Very effective arrangement!!
Interpretation & endurance are most difficult aspects
Need a good Eb player!

Jacob, Gordon

Wind in the Reeds

5

5

12:00
4 movements

Mascagni, Pietro

Intermezzo from Cavalleria Rusticana

5

4

2:00
Arr. Anthony Reich

Mendelssohn, Felix
(1809-1847)

Scherzo from A Midsummer Night's Dream (1842)

7.5

9

4:30
Arr. Anthony Wakefield
Hard but worthwhile; a good arr.

Verdi, Giuseppe

La Forza del Destino

7.5

4

With solo cl (difficulty = 7)
5:00
Arr. Charles Yaskey
Projection is an issue

Weber, Carl Maria von

Overture to Euryanthe

8

7.5-8

With string bass & timpani
9:00
Arr. Harvey Herman

Writings on the Clarinet

Author

Title

Category

Comments

Adey, Christopher

Orchestral Performance: A Guide for Conductors and Players (1998)

Performance

Written "with specific regard to the wide-ranging demands made upon such ensembles" as those composed of talented individual players who may lack an ear for ensemble
Clarinet portions make you reconsider your role in the orchestra; other parts helpful when playing with members of other sections
Ded. to Anthony Foster

Baines, Anthony

Woodwind Instruments and Their History

History

Inc. info on modern instruments (helpful for chamber music) & how they developed (helpful for historically informed performance)
Clarinet section is concise & easy to understand - a good foundation & quick reference guide
Inc. pictures of historical instruments

Bonade, Daniel

Clarinetist's Compendium

Pedagogy

Good for a young student, as it provides enough info to get started without being overwhelming
However, illustrations are pencil drawings & exaggerated, so not as useful as photos in newer books
Out of print, so hard to get ahold of

Brymer, Jack

Clarinet

Overview

Lots of info about everything, but not as specific as many books
Interesting photos to understand how the clarinet works mechanically (bore vs. oboe, from wood to clarinet, mechanism, etc...)
Other books cover the same subjects better (Lawson), but mechanics are best covered here

Campione, Carmine

Campione on Clarinet

Pedagogy

Lots of text, but few photos & exercises
Some good descriptions, but overall, many other books are more useful

Etheridge, David

Mozart's Clarinet Concerto

Repertoire

Discusses approaches of major players (Hasty, Marcellus, Gigliotti, Wright, etc...)

Farmer, Gerald

Multiphonics and Other Contemporary Clarinet Techniques

Pedagogy

Inc. historical info, instructions, exercises, multiphonics charts (alone & trill/tremolo)
Also inc. info on microtones, gliss, pitch bends, etc...
Historical info & EXTENSIVE fingering charts make this a better first ET book than the Rehfeldt, even though that also inc. electronic info

Gee, Harry

Clarinet Solos de Concours 1897-1980

Repertoire

Annotated list of Paris Conservatoire solos, with brief history of PC & competition
Inc. teacher bios
Well-organized & easy to use

Gibson, O. Lee

Clarinet Acoustics (1994)

Other

VERY technical!
Interesting to see how & why the clarinet works, but you need a background in this to really understand most of the book - for someone with no background, an introduction to acoustics would be a better choice
Save this for advanced players with a mathematical mind

Gillespie, James E.

Solos for Unaccompanied Clarinet: An Annotated Bibliography of Published Works

Repertoire

Inc. a brief intro about unaccompanied solos and then launches into an extensive annotated bib, inc. info on style & premiere
Doesn't always inc. range or difficulty

Gingras, Michele

Clarinet Secrets

Pedagogy

Inc. exercises to improve tonguing, intonation, technique, tone, musicianship, reeds, & “new” techniques (gliss, vibrato, etc.)
A neat idea, but not always useful

Green, Barry, and W. Timothy Gallwey

The Inner Game of Music

Performance

Addresses performance anxiety and practice strategies to maximize productivity and minimize self-doubt

Guy, Larry

Daniel Bonade Workbook

Pedagogy; clarinetists

Inc. info on Bonade's life & teaching
More valuable than Bonade Compendium for advanced students b/c more detailed, more examples, easier to obtain
Inc. lots of written info with plenty of diagrams & musical examples to try, mostly from literature
Topics inc. tone, legato, phrasing, articulation, technique; also info on excerpts & equipment

Guy, Larry

Embouchure Building for Clarinetists

Pedagogy

Practical & easy to understand
Exercises to develop strength, flexibility, & endurance
Good pictures, inc. Marcellus & Bonade Addresses undertones

Guy, Larry

Hand and Finger Development for Clarinetists

Pedagogy

Lots of exercises, inc. away from clarinet (muscle awareness) & from actual rep
Also good photos, inc. Marcellus & Bonade
Helps with speed & accuracy

Guy, Larry

Intonation Training for Clarinetists (1995)

Pedagogy

Discusses pitch tendencies (general & of family members), how to practice intonation, ways to alter pitch (fingerings, air, embouchure, adjustments to instrument), and adjusting pitch in rehearsal & performance

Guy, Larry

Selection, Adjustment, and Care of Single Reeds (1997)

Pedagogy

Addresses issues related to reeds, inc. a 10-day breaking in routine, info on equipment, and a troubleshooting guide
Inc. info on tools: what they are, how to obtain them, & how to use them; breaking in reeds; adjusting & maintaining reeds; weather; troubleshooting guide

Hadcock, Peter

The Working Clarinetist

Repertoire; pedagogy

In 2 sections: master classes and pedagogy
Presents master classes on about 30 important excerpts, inc. performance suggestions & context
Also inc. master classes on Mozart (VERY brief! Only 1/2 page!) & Nielsen concertos
Inc. chart of alternate & pitch corrected fingerings and chart of trills & tremolos
Briefly discusses some fundamentals of playing, but if you're ready for this book, you're also ready for a more in-depth discussion of the fundamentals

Heim, Norman M.

Clarinet Literature in Outline

Repertoire

Good list of works, inc. info on each; divided into eras

Heim, Norman M.

The Clarinet Concerto in Outline

Repertoire

Good list of concertos, inc. info on each; divided into eras
More in-depth than his Lit in Outline

Heim, Norman M.

The Clarinet Sonata in Outline

Repertoire

Good list of sonatas, inc. info on each; divided into eras
More in-depth than his Lit in Outline

Klug, Howard

The Clarinet Doctor

Pedagogy

2 sections: 1st primarily relates to clarinet @ Indiana (interesting, with some useful exercises); 2nd is most important (pedagogical approaches)
Inc. lots of specific tried and true tips in an easy-to-read format - no big blocks of text
Lots of examples & illustrations
Often inc. diagnostic tricks & remedies

Kycia, Carol Anne

Daniel Bonade: A Founder of the American Style of Clarinet Playing

Clarinetists; pedagogy

Biography and pedagogical approaches
Inc. interviews with former students & colleagues

Lawson, Colin

Brahms Clarinet Quintet (1998)

Repertoire

Provides a good overview of the work in easy-to-read language
A score is very helpful when reading the analytical chapter
Inc. historical info, information on Brahms' other works, background on the genre, and an analysis

Lawson, Colin (ed.)

Cambridge Companion to the Clarinet

Overview

Contains info on development of instrument, repertoire, & family; players & composers; historical instruments; playing & teaching; 20th C music & jazz

Lawson, Colin

The Early Clarinet: A Practical Guide (2000)

History

Easy to read; inc. some atypical topics and a fingering chart for the 12-keyed clarinet

Pino, David

The Clarinet and Clarinet Playing (1980)

Overview

Lots of information
Organization doesn't quite make sense, and some information is subjective (necessary outlook, etc...)
There are better overviews than this (Lawson)
Ded. to Keith Stein

Rehfeldt, Phillip

New Directions for Clarinet (1994)

Pedagogy

Includes information on extended techniques, focusing primarily on multiphonics
Also addresses extended range and microtones, with a brief discussion of pitch bends, vibrato, flutter tonguing, and electronic music
Very thorough, inc. microtone and multiphonic fingering charts for Bb/A, Eb, & bass clarinets

Rendall, F. Geoffrey

The Clarinet: Some Notes Upon Its History and Construction (1971)

History

Discusses the history of clarinet construction, inc. materials, key systems, reeds, and mouthpieces
Contains helpful pictures of historical clarinets, basset horns, and bass clarinets

Rice, Albert R.

The Baroque Clarinet

History

Inc. info on technical developments, literature, & performance practice during the Baroque

Rice, Albert R.

The Clarinet in the Classical Period

History

Inc. info on technical developments, literature, & performance practice during the Classical

Ridenour, Thomas

Clarinet Fingerings: A Comprehensive Guide for the Performer and Educator (2000)

Pedagogy

This is a must-have!
Contains fingering suggestions for throat tones and the altissimo (to a double E), with additional pages for adding fingerings of your own
Included with each fingering is a discussion of its tone and pitch tendencies, as well as suggested uses in standard clarinet repertoire

Ridenour, Thomas

The Educator's Guide to the Clarinet: A Complete Guide to Teaching and Learning the Clarinet (2002)

Pedagogy

Good for diagnosing problems, but better suggestions for fixing them in other books
Helpful because music ed majors should be using this book
Discusses how to teach beginners & select equipment, but mainly geared to younger players
Good diagrams & examples, and great comparisons for breathing, embouchure, etc...

Schmidt, Robert

Clarinetist's Notebook

Pedagogy

4 volumes
Too much info, and contained in more up-to-date books with better examples & diagrams

Stein, Keith

The Art of Clarinet Playing (1958)

Pedagogy

Similar to the Guy Development, but that's more up to date
Helpful pictures & discusses similar info, but advocates the smiling embouchure!
Interesting to see his pedagogical beliefs, but not a necessary addition to the clarinetist's library

Stubbins, William H

Art of Clarinetistry

Overview

Basic overview; others (Lawson) are more up-to-date

Thurston, Frederick

Clarinet Technique

Pedagogy

Out of date
Musings without illustrations or examples

Weston, Pamela

Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past

Clarinetists

Discusses clarinetists' biographical info & their relation to composers
Written as a narrative instead of encyclopedia

Weston, Pamela

Clarinet Virtuosi of Today (1989)

Clarinetists

Presents short bios of some of today's most prominent clarinetists, as well as information on clarinetists in Australia & Japan

Weston, Pamela

More Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past

Clarinetists

An encyclopedic listing of past clarinetists, inc. updates to the first volume

Weston, Pamela

Yesterday's Clarinetists

Clarinetists

Another encyclopedic listing of past clarinetists, with updates to the first two volumes

Westphal, Frederick W.

Guide to Teaching Woodwinds (1990)

Pedagogy

Lots of pedagogical information, but very basic & outdated
Inc. details of teaching a beginner step-by-step and discusses the warning signs related to common problems
Pictures are esp. outdated (students will laugh at them instead of learning from them)
Ridenour is much better, although this would work as a last resort if a school teacher were unable to purchase a clarinet-specific book

Every musician deals with tension, whether it's mental tension that arises when performing or physical tension that changes the sound, inhibits fast, fluid fingers, or otherwise impacts music-making. An awareness of your personal tension habits can help you become a better musician (and alleviate pain).

 

To assist in this, I suggest filling out a Personal Tension Inventory detailing your tension while you play when seated AND when standing. After this, use the Tension Diary to work to reduce tension in problem areas (one per week). The attached readings can help you in this process; of course, there are many resources available, and I strongly encourage you to do additional research. Lastly, the Wellness Resources on our Links page may also prove helpful.