||Substantive News or General Interests
|Scholarly Journals - may also be referred to as Refereed Journals or Professional Journals - have a sober, serious look. They often contain many graphs and charts but few glossy pages or exciting pictures.
||These periodicals may be quite attractive in appearance, although some are in newspaper format. Articles are often heavily illustrated, generally with photographs.
|Scholarly journals always cite their sources in the form of footnotes or bibliographies.
||News and General interest periodicals sometimes cite sources, though more often do not.
|Articles are written by a scholar in the field or by someone who has done extensive research in the field.
||Articles may be written by a member of the editorial staff, a scholar or a free lance writer. If the name is given, there is usually no mention of the individual's credentials.
|The language of the scholarly journals is that of the discipline covered. It assumes some scholarly background on the part of the reader.
||The language of the article is geared to any educated audience. There is no specialty assumed, only interest and a certain level of literacy.
|The main purpose of scholarly journals is to report on original research or experimentation in order to make such information available to the rest of the scholarly world.
||They are generally published by commercial enterprises or individuals, although some emanate from specific professional organizations.
|Many scholarly journals, though by no means all, are published by a specific professional organization.
||The main purpose of periodicals in this category is to provide information, in a general manner, to a broad audience of concerned citizens.
|Most scholarly journals will have little if any advertising.
||These titles will often contain many glossy advertisements.