CLUBS AND ACTIVITIES
HISTORY OF THE SKYHAWK BATTALION
FINANCIAL AID / SCHOLARSHIPS
THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE AT MARTIN
SKYHAWK BATTALION UNIT CREST
A GOLD COLOR METAL AND ENAMEL DEVICE 1 AND 3/16 INCHES IN HEIGHT OVERALL, CONSISTING OF THE SHIELD OF THE DEVICE BETWEEN A HORIZONTAL BLUE ENAMEL SCROLL ATTACHED ABOVE THE SHIELD INSCRIBED “MARTIN”, AND A THREE-SEGMENTED BLUE “UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE” INSCRIBED ON THE SINISTER SEGMENT, ALL IN GOLD METAL LETTERS.
BLUE AND ORANGE ARE THE COLORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE AT MARTIN. THE OPEN BOOK ALLUDES TO THE SCHOLASTIC STANDARDS OF THE UNIVERSITY. THE CROSSED RIFLE AND SABER REPRESENT MILITARY TRAINING. THE SABER IS ALSO INDICATIVE OF LEADERSHIP. THE SHEAF OF WHEAT AND PLOW REPRESENTING AGRICULTURE, REFERS TO THE LOCATION OF THE UNIVERSITY ON THE GULF COASTAL PLAIN OF TENNESSEE. THE WREATH COMMEMORATES ACHIEVEMENT.
I am an ARMY Cadet.
Soon I will take an oath and become an Army Officer committed to DEFENDING the values which make this Nation great.
HONOR is my touchstone.
I understand MISSION first and PEOPLE always.
I am the PAST, the spirit of those WARRIORS who have made the final sacrifice.
I am the PRESENT, the scholar and apprentice soldier enhancing my skills in the science of warfare and the art of leadership.
But above all I am FUTURE, the future WARRIOR LEADER of the United States Army. May God give me the compassion and judgment to lead and the gallantry in battle to WIN.
I WILL DO MY DUTY.
The tradition of military instruction on civilian college campuses began in 1818 when Captain Alden Partridge, former superintendent at West Point, established the American Literary, Scientific, and Military Academy, which later became Norwich University. The idea of military instruction in civilian colleges soon spread to other institutions, including Virginia Military Institute, The University of Tennessee, and The Citadel. The Land Grant Act of 1862 (Morrill Act) reinforced this tradition by specifying that courses in military tactics should be offered at the colleges and universities established as a result of this act.
Although 105 colleges and universities offered this instruction by the turn of the century, the college military instruction program was not directly associated with Army needs. The National Defense Act of 1916 turned away from the idea of an expandable Regular Army and firmly established the traditional American concept of a citizen’s Army as the keystone of our defense forces. It merged the National Guard, the Army Reserve, and the Regular Army into the Army of the United States. Officers for this expanded citizen’s Army were to be given military instruction in colleges and universities under a Reserve Officers’ Training Corps. Army ROTC was firmly established in the form in which it is known today.
By the beginning of World War I, ROTC had placed some 90,000 officers in the reserve pool. In 1917 and 1918, the majority of these were called to active duty.
At the outbreak of World War II, more than 56,000 Army ROTC officers were called to active duty within a six month period. By the end of World War II, more than 100,000 had served. Since 1945, more than 328,000 men and women have received commissions through Army ROTC.
In 1945, Congress passed the ROTC vitalization Act, which made the ROTC program more effective by establishing an attractive scholarship program, introducing the two year program and providing monthly financial assistance to Advanced Course Students.
Today, the importance of the ROTC program to national security is highlighted by the fact that about 75% of all officers commissioned each year come from ROTC sources. The national resurgence of interest in ROTC is also clearly evident by the involvement of over 70,000 college’s students in ROTC courses and by the more than 300 college institutions and 600 cross-enrolled schools which offer the ROTC program on their campuses.
HISTORY OF ARMY ROTC AT
THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE AT MARTIN
An ROTC unit was established at The University of Tennessee, Martin Branch in September 1952. It came under the direct control of The University of Tennessee Military Science Department in Knoxville, Tennessee. Basic ROTC (MS I and MS II) was offered until 1964. In the fall of that year four year ROTC program was started in Martin. The Military Science Department finally achieved separate Senior Division ROTC status on 10 January 1968 under General Orders 382, Third U.S. Army. Beginning with the initial establishment in 1952, ROTC enrollment at the university steadily increased from 190 to 1155 students by fall of 1970. In 1970 the requirement for compulsory ROTC training for all qualified male students was eliminated nation-wide. As a result the UTM Faculty Senate voted in April 1971 to drop the two-year Military Science training as a mandatory requirement for graduation. In its place, all students (women were included in November 1973) were given the option of taking six quarters of Military Science or Physical Education or any combination thereof. An ROTC minor was later adopted into the University curriculum in April 1973. In the spring of 1981 the Faculty Senate voted to drop the six quarters of Military Science or Physical Education requirement for graduation effective school year 1985-1986.
Since the establishment of the Army ROTC program at The University of Tennessee at Martin, 665 cadets have been commissioned as Second Lieutenants in the Regular Army, the United States Army Reserve and the Tennessee Army National Guard.
1. This handbook is a guide to the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) at The University of Tennessee at Martin. It is designed to help familiarize the Military Science student with the organization of the ROTC Battalion and essential information such as terminology, training policies and procedures, personal appearance and wearing of the military uniform. This guide is not intended to be all inclusive. More detailed references are available if you need further information.
2. The Skyhawk Battalion is made up of Active Army, Active National Guard Cadre, Civilian Staff, students, and cadets enrolled in military science courses. The Skyhawk Battalion functions as both an active duty military organization and as an academic department of UTM. Students and cadets enrolled in Military Science make up the Skyhawk Battalion. Students become cadets when they contract with the ROTC program.
3. The mission of the Skyhawk Battalion is to commission the future officer leadership of the U.S. Army, U.S. Army Reserve, and the National Guard.
4. The Cadre and Staff of the Skyhawk Battalion are always available to assist you. Office hours are Monday through Friday from 0830 hours to 1700 hours. If you need assistance or have questions, contact your instructor or see the ROTC Administration Secretary.
5. Bulletin boards for each MS class are located on the wall outside the classroom. You should check the bulletin boards once a week before class for important information.
6. The cadet lounge, and library, is located on the second floor of the ROTC building for use by all cadets.
7. High personal and professional standards of conduct are expected of cadets at all times. This handbook provides the basic information you need to assist you in developing those standards.
The Army ROTC scholarship program is designed to provide assistance to outstanding cadets. The Department of the Army annually awards scholarships of two, three, and four years in length to students who apply and meet the academic and medical qualifications. Scholarships pay for books ($600 per semester), all tuition and mandatory fees, and a subsistence of up to $350 for sophmore, $450 for Junior, and $500 for a Senior a month, for the ten months you are in school, to do with how ever you please. At UT-Martin, if you are on scholarship, you can compete for a dorm room, typically awarded to the top ten scholarship cadets in the ROTC program.
Four Year Scholarship - Are awarded on a worldwide competitive basis to U.S. citizens who will be entering college as freshmen. Recipients of these awards must enroll at a university with Army ROTC.
Three Year Scholarship - Are awarded competitively to students who enrolled in ROTC or are eligible for advanced placement in the ROTC program as well as those qualified students who are not enrolled in ROTC at the time of application. Interested students should apply at the beginning of the second semester of their freshman year of college. Applications and college transcripts will be reviewed, and applicants will undergo a medical examination, the Physical Aptitude Examination and an interview before an Institutional Nomination Board. Applications can be acquired from the recruiting operations officer.
Two Year Scholarship - Are awarded on a competitive basis to qualified students who have completed the Basic course or have credit as a result of prior service.
Leader’s Training Course - Students without Basic Course credit may attend this course and compete for a two year scholarship at this five week camp usually held at Ft. Knox KY. during the summer before your Junior year of college. The University will award camp graduates who contract a $300 scholarship.
Guaranteed Reserve Forces Duty Scholarship – Three and Two year scholarships are awarded on a competitive basis to qualified students who desire to serve their obligated service in the Army National Guard or United States Army Reserve after graduation. College freshman, sophomores, and juniors can pick up an application from the Recruiting Operation Officer.
Simultaneous Membership Program (SMP) - The SMP is a voluntary officer training program designed to increase the number of officers entering the National Guard and Army Reserve from the ROTC program. A SMP cadet is a member of the ROTC program and the National Guard or Army Reserve simultaneously. The cadet attends drill with his unit, and is assigned as a cadet officer trainee. At the same time, the cadet attends Military Science courses. Cadets with a two year Reserve Forces Duty Scholarship are required to participate in the SMP program. The Reserve Forces Duty Scholarship winner receives both the scholarship benefits and the SMP benefits. Non-scholarship Advanced Course cadets may also participate in the SMP program.
SMP Cadets are entitled to the following benefits:
1. $500 per month subsistence pay for ten months for Seniors.
2. $450 per month subsistence pay for ten months for Juniors.
3. All ROTC uniforms and equipment at no cost.
4. Drill pay at the E-5 rate, regardless of prior rank.
SMP Cadets that have attended either basic training or basic training and AIT may also qualify for:
5. Educational benefits from the G.I. Bill and G.I. Bill Kicker
6. Non-scholarship SMP students can receive Tuition Assistance.
Miscellaneous Scholarships and Incentives:
1. Dorm room scholarships are available to the top ROTC scholarships winners ($2000 a year for dorms)
2. Three $500 Weems scholarships available to MSIII cadets with a strong GPA in the university and ROTC.
3. The COL(R) Tom Elam Scholarship, a minimum of $750, is awarded by the alumni association to a contracted cadet.
4. $1000 Leaders-in-residence scholarships are awarded to incoming freshman enrolled in Military Science. You must have
a minimum 19 ACT to be eligible. You must participate in a special leadership training development program during your first
semester at UT-Martin.
5. A $5000 Bonus for students who complete the Leader’s Training Course and contract into the ROTC program.
6. The $1,000 Col. Jerry Bussell ROTC Scholarship is awarded to one cadet from the ROTC program. $500 is awarded in the spring, and $500 is awarded in the fall.
1. Honor Code - “ A cadet will not lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do.” Throughout the history of the Armed Forces, the officers word has been his bond, to lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do is a violation of the ethics of the military profession. Any such violation on the part of those who aspire to be leaders in our profession will automatically be considered grounds for dismissal from the Corps of Cadets.
2. Chain of Command - Whenever possible, cadets will use the chain of command for official matters. For example, a cadet who wishes to lodge a complaint or make a suggestion to the Professor of Military Science (PMS) will bring the matter to the attention of his immediate cadet supervisor/leader, which will in turn run the action through cadet and cadre channels. The purpose of this procedure, which is the same kind of procedure used in the military, is to ensure that actions are taken and problems resolved at the lowest possible level. However, all cadets must understand that protocol should never take precedence when a matter demanding immediate attention of the ROTC cadre arises. The PMS and all other members of the cadre are available to all cadets for consolation on any such matter day or night.
3. Discipline - It is imperative in the military that a high degree of discipline exist within command. The overriding purpose of discipline in the military is to ensure that all members of the unit will carry out all orders promptly and efficiently even under the most difficult conditions. We are not trying to replicate an active Army organization in the UT-Martin ROTC department, but one of our missions is to instill in each cadet a level of military discipline that will allow him to perform effectively as a commissioned officer upon graduation. Every cadet must meet the standards of discipline set by the department.
4. Attendance - Cadets are required to attend class and participate in other mandatory ROTC activities such as labs. Scholarship and contracted cadets are also required to attend physical training, all FTXs during the year, and activities outlined in their syllabi for their classes. All requests for absences from mandatory activities will be considered on a case by case basis.
5. Majors - Contracted cadets who have signed a contract for a specified major will not change their major without prior written approval from the Professor of Military Science.
6. Appearance - The Army is a uniformed service, when in uniform a neat and well groomed appearance is mandatory, weather you are in the Basic Course or the Advance Course. Appearances in and out of uniform for all contracted cadets will be in accordance with AR 670-1. It is the responsibility of the leaders to ensure that cadets under their command present a neat and soldierly appearance.
7. Safety - The importance of complying with established safety procedures in the ROTC program cannot be overemphasized. It is the responsibility of each cadet and cadre member to insure that regardless of the level of individual proficiency or type of training being conducted, established safety procedures will never be compromised or ignored. To eliminate the chance for unfortunate accidents, ROTC personnel are trained and become totally proficient in safety awareness. The PMS and the ROTC cadre will develop and implement approved safety policies and guideline to prevent training accidents, with special emphasis on controls over injury producing hazards during high risk training. Each ROTC cadet is required to comply with these safety policies and procedures and to immediately report any unsafe acts they may observe during training.
WEAPONS SECURITY AND SAFETY. During training, you will be temporarily issued weapons of various types. Whenever handling weapons, the two primary concerns are security and safety.
A. Security When you are given responsibility for a weapon, you must keep it in your possession at all times. If a weapon is misplaced, then the individual responsible for that weapon will immediately inform the chain of command in order that a search may be initiated. Always memorize the serial number of your issued weapon so that you will know which weapon is yours in case there is some confusion.
B. Safety Every weapon will at all times be handled as if it were loaded. Additional instructions will be provided at safety briefings prior to training conducted with weapons. A weapon loaded with blank ammunition will not be fired within 20 meters of another individual.
At the beginning of each school year, a cadet chain of command is appointed from the MS IV class. Criteria for appointment is based on ROTC and UT-Martin academics, performance at Advance Camp, and overall accomplishments in the ROTC department. The chain of command assists the PMS and other cadre personnel in the execution of detachment missions and responsibilities, and gains experience training and development of subordinates.
COMMAND AND STAFF RESPONSIBILITIES:
Battalion Commander: Responsible for commanding corps of cadets and coordinating with the Battalion Staff. Supervises the planning and execution of all leadership labs and special events to ensure training is safe, to standards and always motivating. Performs duties as Battalion Cadet Safety Officer. Conducts a weekly Battalion Command and Staff meeting to coordinate and confirm all training, logistical and administrative requirements. Provide instruction and evaluations as required. Attends weekly Cadre training meeting.
Battalion Executive Officer (XO): Responsible for supervising and coordinating all staff functions. Commands the battalion in the absence of the Battalion Commander. Assists the Battalion Commander in the performance of his/her duties. Attends the weekly Battalion Command and Staff meeting. Provide instruction and evaluations as required. Attends the weekly Cadre Training meeting.
Battalion Command Sergeant Major: Ensures that cadet accountability during training is maintained properly. Advises the Cadet Battalion Commander on Skyhawk Battalion matters. Checks NCOs for job knowledge, military appearance, and knowledge of their subordinates strengths and weaknesses. Conducts/supervises training to ensure compliance with directives by the cadet Battalion Commander. Attends both the weekly Battalion Command and Staff meeting and the Cadre Training meeting.
Battalion S1: Responsible for all cadet administration and accountability. Ensures cadet promotions and absences are documented and managed in an efficient/timely manner. Coordinate, publish and execute all cadet social functions and award ceremonies. Provide assistance to cadre for all cadet/cadre sponsorship programs. Provide cadet status reports at each weekly cadet training meeting and assist the ROTC Administrative Assistant (Mrs. Sims) in managing and organizing cadet records as required. Provide instruction and evaluations as required.
Battalion S3: Responsible for all operations and training in the Battalion. Responsible for preparing and conducting training IAW TSPs 66A, 67A and FM 25-2. Prepare weekly training meetings and publish weekly training schedules. Coordinate all training with the Cadre Operations Officer. Ensure all instructors conduct rehearsals, backbriefs, and are properly prepared to execute training. Provide training status report at each weekly cadet training meeting. Coordinate with the cadre Operations Officer for all required MS IV evaluations of MS III IAW, the cadet Evaluation System. Supervise the publication of all OPORDs and MOIs pertaining to special projects, training events and Battalion activities. Provide instruction and evaluations as required.
Assistant Battalion S3: Primary assistant to the Battalion S3. Assist with ensuring quality instruction is provided for each lab, coordinate with other staff, lab instructors and cadre to ensure training standards are maintained. Assist in preparing the Unit Status Report for weekly training meetings. Assist in maintaining all training records, aids and references as required. Provide instruction and evaluation as required.
Battalion S4: Responsible for planning and coordinating all logistical requirements for special projects, training and Cadet Battalion activities. Coordinate with cadet BN S3, Cadre Operations Officer and Cadre Supply Officer to ensure all logistical requirements have been coordinated. Maintain close liaison with the Cadre Supply NCO to ensure 100% accountability of Battalion property. Prepare logistical portion of all OPORDs/MOIs.
Battalion Public Affairs Officer (PAO): Coordinates all PAO activities with Cadre Adjutant, University PAO, and community PAO. Responsible for coordinating advertising campaigns, news releases and feature articles designed to increase public awareness of ROTC. Assist in activities involving the ROTC Advisory Council, ROTC Alumni and the ROTC Hall of Fame.
Company Commander: Primarily responsible for the day to day operations of the company. Reports directly to the cadet battalion commander on all matters concerning the morale, welfare, accountability, training and discipline of the company. Plans, organizes and executes company training. Responsible for ensuring the MS I/II cadets are well prepared for their follow on year of ROTC.
Company Executive Officer (XO): Commands the company in the absence of the Company Commander. Assists the Company Commander in the performance of his/her duties.
First Sergeant: Holds company formations IAW FM 22-5 and receives an accurate report. Ensures that all cadet accountability during training is maintained properly. Checks NCOs for job knowledge, military appearance, and knowledge of their subordinates strengths and weaknesses. Conducts/supervises training to ensure compliance with directives by the cadet company commander.
Platoon Leader: Responsible for the day to day operations of the platoon. Directly responsible to the cadet Company Commander on all matters concerning the morale, welfare, accountability, training and discipline of the platoon. Plans, organizes and executes platoon training.
Platoon Sergeant: Assist the platoon leader and supervises and coordinates the actions of the squad leaders. Holds platoon formations IAW FM 22-5 and maintains an accurate accountability of personal at all times during military functions. Conducts and supervises training to insure compliance with directives. Works with the First Sergeant on the issue, receipt, and the accountability of all equipment and supplies for the platoon. During the platoon leader’s absence acts on his behalf and in accordance with his policies.
Squad Leader: Responsible for everything the squad does or fails to do. Forms squad IAW FM 22-5. performing uniform and equipment checks. Knowledgeable of squad members performance, to include strengths and weaknesses. Conducts and supervises training to insure compliance with directives.
CLUBS AND ACTIVITIES
Ranger Challenge: This unit is opened to all military science students demonstrating a high degree of motivation toward developing self-confidence under stress. Cadets participate in activities which develop skills associated with patrolling, orienteering, one rope bridge, physical fitness, and road marching. Our Ranger Challenge team competes at the Ranger Challenge competition held annually. Membership on the ROTC Ranger Challenge is open to students enrolled in the ROTC program.
Color Guard: The ROTC department coaches the Color Guard. The Color Guard is responsible for conducting color guards for University sports events, local parades, and other community events. Membership on the ROTC Color Guard is open to students enrolled in the ROTC program.
Field Training Exercise (FTX): The Battalion conducts one FTX each semester. The purpose of this training is to teach cadets the fundamentals of field operations, and teach them skills they will later use at Advance Camp. In addition, FTX’s allow the MS IVs how to plan and execute field training. FTXs are normally conducted on Friday afternoon until Sunday afternoon at Milan Training Center.
Military Ball: A formal event is held each Spring for the entire Skyhawk Battalion. This social event is designed to allow cadets to experience the type of social gathering and military etiquette they can expect as future commissioned officers. Cadets are encouraged to bring spouses/dates. The Ball is usually held at the University Center and includes dinner and dancing.
Spring Awards Ceremony: The Skyhawk Battalion holds an Awards Ceremony each spring. In the ceremony cadets of all MS classes are presented with awards they have earned throughout the year. Many dignitaries are invited, including the chancellor, certain university officials, members of the ROTC advisory council, representatives of veterans societies, parents and relatives.
Staff Ride: The purpose of the Staff Ride is to provide you with an increased appreciation for the heritage and value of positive leadership in our Army throughout history. The Staff Ride requires study of a selected campaign and provides an opportunity to correlate the lessons of this research with a walk-through on the actual battle site. The battalion conducts one staff ride every school year. The Skyhawk Battalion conducts Staff Rides to one of several battlefields: Shiloh, Fort Donnellson, Vicksburg , or Franklin.
Physical Training (PT): The Skyhawk Battalion Physical Training Program is conducted every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, from 0600 to 0700 and from 1600 to 1700 hours. The program consists of push-up/sit-up improvement, long-slow/short-fast runs and intramurals. A diagnostic test is given at the beginning of the semester and at the mid-semester point to identify any weak areas you may have and set goals for that semester. The final APFT is given in the last week of the semester. You will find detailed procedures for the PT program in the Battalion SOP. The PT program is also listed in the university catalogue as PE 185 and can be taken for credit.
CADET PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
1. Airborne School: UTM receives several slots for cadets to attend Airborne School during the summer. Airborne School is a vigorous, voluntary, three-week course. If you are interested in the program, contact your instructor. You must be in excellent physical condition. Attendance is without pay, but you will be reimbursed for travel expenses.
2. Air Assault School: UTM also receives a limited number of slots for Air Assault School. This school is ten days in length and is physically demanding.
3. Cadet Troop Leadership Training (CTLT): CTLT is a program which attaches you to an active Army Unit for a period of three weeks. You will become familiar with the duties of junior officers in the unit to which you are attached.