|In medieval Frence, much medical
thinking was modeled after notions that had occured to classical
masters (Galien and Hippocrates), and passed down in Latin or Latin
translation. Students in the Ecole de Chartres and in Reims studied
this classical medical inheritance. However it was the school at
Montpellier where we hear of medical trainng based on surgical
experience and autopsies. Montpellier was mentioned as early as 1150 as
a medical school, and received papal recognition in 1220. The teachers
at Montpellier, wrote surgical manuals and distinguished by observation
among different kinds of plague. Among the known and published healers
of the day were Henri de Mondeville and Gilles de Corbeil, physicians
of Philippe Le Bel and Philippe-Auguste respectively. With the growth
literacies, it was inevitable that some of the works of classical
masters and medieval surgeons like Guy De Chauliac be translated and
stand along side of the folk medecine of medical recepies.
This page is part of the Andy Holt Virtual Library's "Manuscripts of Medieval France with Vernacular Texts", a collection of over 800 links to manuscript facsimiles, including nearly all of the French medieval literarary canon.