Grammaire supplémentaire pour Affaires.com

These grammar links are coordinated with specific grammar sections in Jean-Luc Penfornis Affaires.com (Paris: CLE International, 2003), whose pages are stated in parentheses after the French name of numbered sections in the book's "Grammaire" appendix (98-113). In all cases, I have included pages references to exercises in the textbook lessons referring to these sections of the grammar appendix.  In each case, I have also included a few English word to describe or characterize the section.  Many of the links are to the outstanding and comprehensive "Tex's French Grammar" (Univ. of Texas), but there are links to other sites.  I have done this because I have found only an outline of grammatical topics with examples in the Affaires.com textbook.



1. L'expression de lieu (52, 98)
prepositions with place names

    prepositions with place names
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pre3.html

    common prepositions
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pre1a.html


2. L'interrogation direct (7, 99)
information questions

    Interrogative constructions (all, choose relevant categories)
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/index.html#int


3.  L'expression de la quantité (8,  22, 40, 66, 100-101)
numbers, fractions, numerical expressions, indefinites, partitive articles

    expressions of quantity
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/det8.html

    indefinites
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/det10.html

    partitives
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/det5.html


4. Les pronoms compléments (11, 27,  49, 102)
direct and indirect object pronouns and their placement

    direct object pronouns
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pro5.html

    indirect pronouns
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pro8.html

    pronoun "y"
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pro6.html

    pronoun "en"
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pro7.html


5. Le passé composé et l'imparfait (21, 103)
formation and mixed use

    passé composé with avoir
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap2.html

    passé composé with être
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap3.html

    passé composé of pronominal verbs
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap4.html

    imparfait: formation
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap5.html

    imparfait: states of being, habitual actions
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap6.html

    imparfait: idiomatic uses (suggestions, wishes, depuis, venir de)
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap7.html

    narration: passé composé vs. imparfait
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap8.html


6. L'expression du temps (24, 104)
prepositions, some relative pronouns

    il y a, ago
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adv5.html

    depuis vs. il y a ... que, ça fait ... que, voilà ... que
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pred1.html

    depuis with imperfect
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pred2.html

    depuis, pendant, pour
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/prep1.html

    La proposition temporelle
    http://www.synapse-fr.com/manuels/TEMPORE.htm


7. Le discours indirect (55, 76, 105)
from direct to indirect discourse and visa versa

    French Direct and Indirect Speech
    http://french.about.com/library/weekly/aa031100.htm

    Direct and Indirect Discourse
    http://www.orbilat.com/Languages/French/Grammar/Syntax/French-Syntax-Discourse-Direct_and_Indirect.html


8. Les pronoms relatifs (12, 34, 106)
simple, antecedentless,  and compound relative pronouns

    relative pronouns: qui and que
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pror1.html

    relative pronouns: ce qui and ce que
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pror2.html

    relative pronouns: dont, ce dont, où, lequel
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pror3.html


9. Le Subjonctif (43, 85, 107)
use, formation and where to use

    regular subjunctive formation
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas1.html

    irregular subjunctive formation
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas2.html

    usage: obligation
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas3a.html

    usage: doubt
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas3b.html

    usage: will, emotion, desire
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas4.html

    conjunctions that take the subjunctive
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas5.html

    past subjunctive
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas6.html

    summary
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas7.html


10. L'expression de la comparaison, de la condition, de l'hytothèse (37, 51, 64, 108)
comparison of quantity & quality, superlative, if sentences, conjonctions +subjunctive or conditional, preposition + infinitive, gerund

    comparison of adjectives
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adj6.html

    superlative of adjectives
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adj7.html

    comparison and superlative of adverbs
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adv4.html

    bon/meilleur (adjectives) vs. bien/mieux (adverbs)
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adj8.html

    si clauses
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tac3.html

    La proposition conditionnelle
    http://www.synapse-fr.com/manuels/CONDITIO.htm

    present participle
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/vpp1.html


11. L'expression de la cause, de la conséquence  (68, 109)
because,  because of, so...that, thus, etc.

    Conjunctions of Conclusion
    http://french.about.com/library/weekly/bl-conclusions.htm

    LES CONJONCTIONS ET LOCUTIONS CONJONCTIVES
    http://www.english-for-techies.net/grammar/les_conjonctions.htm

    La proposition causale
    http://www.synapse-fr.com/manuels/CAUSALE.htm

    Conjunctions
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/index.html#con


12. L'expression de but, de l'opposition, de la concession (70, 81, 83, 110)
conjunctions, prepositions, adverbs, coordinates, other expressions

    Expressing opposition and concession
    http://www.realfrench.net/grammar/unit.php?id=53

    conjunctions that take the subjunctive
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tas5.html

    La proposition concessive
    http://www.synapse-fr.com/manuels/CONCESS.htm


13. Tableaux des conjugasions (29,  38, 111-113)
50 regular and irregular verbs (infinitive, past participle, present indicative, present subjunctive, future)

    Le Conjugueur
    http://www.leconjugueur.com/

    verbs
    http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/index.html#v