updated March 2006
Unless language teachers are willing to hand part of the learning load over to students and appropriate media (analog and digital recorded material, software, TV, radio) several negative things are destined to occur. 1) Students will be more likely to depend on their teachers and a book to learn, and will not become independent learners. 2) The learning process will not attain its potential efficiency. 3) Everything outside the teacher and the book will become "ancillary" (=nice little extras). 4) Students will protest the fact that they paid so much for "ancillaries". 5) Every native target-language speaker will sound oddly unlike their teacher's model.
When teachers hand part of the learning load over to students and appropriate media, participants in the learning community are blessed in some very positive ways: 1) The media brings learners closer to the reality in which they must eventually immerse themselves...much more real than the teacher and the textbook. 2) It brings not only a variety of native target-language speakers into the mix, but it can also present a visual context filled with learnable gestures and memorable cultural icons. 3) It can insist that each student have good answers for all questions. 4) It can offer learning situations presented in several different ways, thereby accommodating different learning styles. 5) If the media is truly integrated, either by its designers or the manipulation of the instructor (visual, situational, lexical and grammatical links with the rest of the program, part of the homework grade, and on the test), students will not question why they had to pay for it. 6) That appropriate media matched with appropriate expectations can be a very adequate substitution for seat time, is proven by the many studies summarized in the following web sites:
The "No Significant Difference Phenomenon"
Significant Difference (NCAT studies)
We hope that the material presented in our "Globe-Gate CALL Research Center" will guide you to open a window of opportunity for a positive difference through a balanced program, including a valid partnership between student and media.
TECHNOLOGY ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING BIBLIOGRAPHIES
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CALL
Assessments of Multimedia Technology in Education: Bibliography
Base bibliographique concernant le traitement automatique des langues, développée dans le groupe Langage et Cognition
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CALL EVALUATION
Helmut Brammerts, "Language learning in tandem bibliography"
CALL Bibliography (1997)
CALL Bibliography: other CALL Bibliographies
Computer Assisted Language Learning / Bibliography
Computer-Assisted Language Learning - ERIC/CLL Minibib, June 1995
Computer-Mediated Communication in Foreign Language Education: An Annotated Bibliography
Electronic Publications for ESL and EFL (Volterre)
Tim Johns, "Classroom Concordancing/Data-driven learning Bibliography"
LANGUAGE AND TECHNOLOGY ON-LINE BIBLIOGRAPHY (2005)
Literature on CALL and Language Learning Online
Craig Packard, "Task-Based Activities for the Language Lab"
Selected Bibliography for CALL
Hiroshi Shimatani and Kenji Kitao, "Computer Assisted Instruction: A Bibliography"
CALL JOURNALS & NEWSLETTERS
ALSIC: Apprentissage des langues et systèmes d'information et de communication
The CALICO Review
CALL Review (the IATFL SIG Journal)
C@lling Japan Online
Computer Assisted Language Learning
Computer Assisted Language Learning - An International Journal
Computer Assisted Language Learning @ Chorus
Computer Speech and Language
Current IALLT News
The IALLT Journal of Language Learning Technologies
The Internet TESL Journal
LE JOURNAL - The Journal of Record for Human Language Technology
Kairos - Journal for teachers of writing in webbed environments
Language Learning and Technology
The On-CALL Archive
Tongues Untied - A Collaborative Forum for Modern Language Teachers (includes some CALL)
Teaching English with Technology (IATEFL Poland SIG Journal)
What's new at NWALL? (newsletter)
LANGUAGE LEARNING SOFTWARE (locating, reviewing)
CALL ORGANIZATIONS & INSTITUTIONS
The Association for Computational Linguistics
Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education
Australian Technology Enhanced Language Learning Consortium
Center for Autonomous Technology-Assisted Language Learning
The Center for Educational Technology (manages Mellon projects for language technology)
The CIC Information Technology Advisory Service
Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium
EUROCALL, the European Association for Computer Assisted Language Learning
EUROCALL, CALICO, IALL Joint Policy Statement arising from a Research Seminar on CALL
Information and Communication Technology for Language Teachers (ICT4LT funded by the European Commission)
International Association for Language Learning Technology
IALL Regional Groups
International Tandem Network - Language learning in tandem partnerships
The Japan Association for Language Education and Technology
Laboratorio de Comunicaci—n Oral "Robert Wayne Newcomb" (Madrid)
Language Resource and Research Centers (language labs)
LingNet (Defense Foreign Language Institute)
MERLOT - World Languages
Stanford Digital Language Learning Project
Summer Institute of Linguistics
TALL (Technology-Assisted Language Learning) Project
The TELL Consortium
The Writing and Computers Association
COMPUTERS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING
CALL @ Hull (C & IT resources collection
A Communications Technology for the Foreign Language Methodology Course (Jean W. LeLoup)
Computer Aided Language Learning
Computer Anxiety: Casualty of the Revolution in Computer Technology
Computer-Assisted Language Learning
Computer-Assisted Language Learning I, LG478
Computer-Assisted Language Learning (Wikipedia)
eLearning Tutorials for Teachers and Developers (ILR)
Gary Cziko, Autonomous Technology-Assisted Language Learning (a WikiBook, begun in 2005)
Joy L. Egbert & Leonard M. Jessup, "Analytic and Systemic Analyses of Computer-Supported Language Learning"
FLTEACH Online Articles (many about CALL, by Jean LeLoup and Robert Ponterio)
HASANBEY ELLIDOKUZOGLU, "Using CALL as a Catalyst"
E-Pals.com - Classroom Exchange
Introduction to Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL)
Nina Garrett, "Computers in Foreign Language Education: Teaching, Learning, and Language-Acquisition Research"
Global Solutions for Multilingual Applications: Real World Techniques for Developers and Designers
"A Guide for Evaluating Language Learning Software," by John de Szendeff
Jan Herrington and Ron Oliver, "Multimedia, magic and the way students respond to a situated learning environment (1997)"
Sue Hewer, "Language learning strategies, software design and internet use"
Russ Hunt: On Computers and Language Learning
Integrating an Interactive Learning Paradigm for Foreign Language Text Comprehension into a Flexible Hypermedia System
Integrating Technology into the Foreign Language Classroom (Robert Ponterio)
Andreas Lixl-Purcell, "Foreign Language Education with Multimedia Technologies" (MLA Teacher Education Project)
Linda Mak, Conference Paper Handouts (much on CALL)
Making Accents with MACs and PCs
Douglas Mills, "Computers in Language Learning: Possible Roles"
Multimedia/Hypermedia and Communicative Competence in Foreign Language
Lawrence J. Najjar, "Multimedia Information and Learning"
James S. Noblitt, Ph.D., "Enhancing Instruction with Multimedia" (1995)
OPEN DIRECTORY: Computers: Software: Educational: Foreign Languages
Predominantly CALL links
James P. Pusack, "COMPUTERS, TECHNOLOGY, AND THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE DEPARTMENT" (1986)
Kevin Ryan "Multimedia Software and Language Learning"
Jeff Samuels,"Foreign Languages and Lab Survey" (May 2000)
Speech Technology in Language Learning
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory - Technology [for Language Learning]
Survey of the State of the Art in Human Language Technology (1996)
Technology and Second Language Learning (CARLA)
Technology-aided "True/False" exercise as a language lesson foundation (TennesseeBob Pedckham)
Margaret Teremetz and Vicky Wright, "Language learners using multimedia: what do they do?"
The Use of Computer Technology in Experimental Studies of Second Language Acquisition: A Survey of Some Techniques and Some Ongoing Studies
Using a foreign film to improve second-language proficiency: Video vs interactive multimedia
The Virtual CALL Library (Univ. of Sussex)
Mark Warschauer, "Computer-Assisted Language Learning: An Introduction"
Mark Warschauer, "Computers and language learning: An overview"
Where Have We Come From? What Has CALL Really Achieved?
Peter, B. Williams, Technology-Assisted Language Learning (TALL) I=Online Peer Practice Prototype
Tianwei Xie, "Using Computers in Chinese Language Teaching"
THE INTERNET AND LANGUAGE LEARNING
Michael D. Bush, "Language Learning via the Web"
12. Digital Audio Formats
Internet-based Language Learning (CTI)
Interactive Language Learning on the Web
Internet Resources for Teachers of English as a Second Language
INTERNET TOOLS IN LANGUAGE TEACHING
Jean W. LeLoup & Robert Ponterio, "Addressing the Need for Electronic Communication in Foreign Language Teaching"
LANGUAGE INTERACTIVE - A Trailguide to Creating Dynamic Web Pages
François MANGENOT. "Classification des apports d'Internet à l'apprentissage des langues"
Douglas G. Mills "Interactive Web-Based Language Learning: the State of the Art (1998)"
Nicole Francine Minnick, "Using WebCT® for a Web-based Component to Teach French for Business and Technology
MISSOURI AATG INTERNET WORKSHOP
Online Machine Learning Resources
PODCASTING FOR FOREIGN-LANGUAGE EDUCATION - A Globe-Gate TALL Resource
Thomas N. Robb, "Web Projects for the ESL/EFL Class: Famous Japanese Personages"
Schwienhorst, K. (1997), "Talking on the MOO: Learner autonomy and language learning in tandem"
Teaching with the Web
Utilisation des TICE en cours de portugais: Outil de consultation, de communication et de crŽation
Web-based Language Teaching - Intercultural Learning through the Internet
A Web Resource for CALL Lab Managers
WELL (Web Enhanced Language Learning) Project
THE WORLD WIDE WEB AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING
Distance Learning & Foreign Language Education
Cyber-Langues 2000. Enseignement des Langues et Internet: Nouvelles Technologies, nouvel enseignement? (Jeudi 24 et Vendredi 25 Août 2000)
J Distance Education for Language Teachers
ENSEIGNEMENT A DISTANCE DU GREC ANCIEN - Académie de Limoges
Jeff Magoto, "Distance Education: Online CALL Teacher Training"
Online Language Learning Newsletter
Open and distance learning. Foreign language teaching: Etude de cas
SUPPORTING SYNCHRONOUS DISTANCE LANGUAGE LEARNING WITH DESKTOP VIDEOCONFERENCING
Tina Seidel, "The Internet as a tool for distance learning: emphasis on language learners and teachers"
COMPUTERS PROCESSING LANGUAGE
ARTFL Project: Morphological Analysis Using the INFL Analyzer (French)
Automatic Analysis of Portuguese
ENGTWOL -English Morphological Analyzer
German Morphology Browser
GERTWOL German Morphological Analyzer
Greek Morphological Analyzer
Hermit Crab Morphological Parser
Hindi Morphological Tagger
Internet Anagram Server
Latin parser and translator 0.96
Linguistic Computing Resources on the Internet
Machine Translation (Journal Homepage)
Machine Translation Links (13)
Morpho (robot for morphological-gramatical analysis of French & English sentences)
Morphological Analyses for Inflected Greek Words
Morphological analysis of Bulgarian sentence
Morphological parsing with PILAF
Natural Language Processing on the WEB
Pattern Recognition and Human Language Technology
Reconnaissance et synthèse de la Parole - lociciels
RhymeZone rhyming dictionary
Speech Analysis Tools
TextCat Language Guesser DEMO
Text-to-speech (TTS), with multilingual demo
Turkish Morphological Analyzer
Verbix - On-line Conjugator
XEROX LANGUAGE IDENTIFIER
Web Frequency Indexer
Xerox Arabic Morphological Analysis and Generation