Lenglet's Sources

The notes of Lenglet's edition regularly present detailed elements of a varia lectio. His references to manuscripts, the Coustelier edition, the Marot edition and the Jardin de Plasance give us little doubt as to his preferred textual sources. Many preferred readings and lines, making of his edition a texte intégrale, come from these. However, he is not specific about the apparently numerous other editions used. Since Lenglet was quite resourceful, just as likely to have borrowed resources as he was to have used his own, I am unable to specify which sources were used. Here are examples of how he referred to his sources in his notes In cases where the reference is rare or unique, I indicate in which note (=N...) it is to be found

The tables below give specifics for some of the identifiable sources used by Lenglet.

le manuscrit de M. de Coislin = C:  MS. Paris BNF fonds français 20041 (formerly Saint-Germain 1662). Paper Fifteenth Century, sometime after 1463. Containing

   Work

   PVxi




   L





   PVxv




   T





   PVxii




   PVx





location, title, incipit, etc.

No. 2, fol. 107v
No title
incipit: "Freres humains qui apres nous vivez"


No. 3, fols. 108r-12r
title: "Le petit testament villon"
incipit: " n lan mil quatre cent cinquante six"
omissions: vv. 25-72, 281-312


No. 4, fol. 112v
title: "Sensuit lappel dudit villon"
incipit: "Que dicted vous de mon appel"


No. 5, fols. 113r-52r
title: "Le grant testament villon"
incipit: " n lan de mon trentiesme aage"
omissions: vv. 305-12


No. 6, fol. 152r and v
title: "Epistre"
incipit: "Aiez pictie ayez pictie de moy"


No. 7, 152v-53v
title: "Probleme"
incipit: "Fortune fuz par clercs jadiz nommee"





le manuscrit de M. Robertet = R: MS Paris BNF fonds français 12490 (formerly Ancien Supplément Français 208) Paper. Sixteenth century, after 1514.

   Works

   T329-56




   T357-84




   T385-412




   T625-80




   T873-909




   T1238-73




   T1422-56




   T1473-1506




   T1515-42




   T1591-1627




   T1692-1719




   T1884-91




   T1892-1903




   T1968-95




   PVxv




   PVxiv




   PVxi




   PVxiii




   PVxvi




   PViv





   PVv





   PVvi




   PVviii




   Explicit




location, title, incipit, etc.

Fol. 84r
title: "Premiere ballade"
incipit: "Dictez moy ne en quel pays"


fol. 85r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Qui plus ou est le tiers calixte"


fol. 85v
title: "Autre Ballade"
incipit: "Car ou soit ly saintz apostelles"


Fol. 86r
title: "Autre ballade. Ballade treple"
incipit: "Pour ce aimez tant que vous vouldrez"


Fol. 87r
title: "Ballade"
incipit: "Dame des cieulx regente terrienne"


Fol. 87v
title: "Bonne ballade"
incipit: "Pere nohe qui plantaste la vigne"


Fol. 88r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "En reaglal en arsenic rochier"


Fol. 89r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Sur mol duvet assiz un gras chanoisne"


Fol. 89v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Quoy que tiennent belles langagieres"


Fol. 90r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Se jayme et sers la belle de bon hait"


Fol. 91r
title: "Ballade"
incipit: "Car or soies porteur de bulles"


Fol. 91v
title: "Epitaph de Villon"
incipit: "Cy gist et dort en ce sollier"


Fol. 92r
title: "Rondeau"
incipit: "Repos eternal donne a cil"


Fol. 92r
title: "Ballade"
incipit: "A chartreux aussi celestins"


Fol. 92v
title: "Autre ballade de son appel"
incipit: "Que vous semble de mon appel"


Fol. 93v
title: "Tetrastique quant il fut juge"
incipit: "Je suis francois dont ce me poise"


Fol. 93v
title: "Epitaphe dudit villon"
incipit: "Freres humains qui apres nous vivez"


Fol. 94r(title) and 94v (text)
title: "Le debat du cueur et du corps dudit villon"
incipit: "Qui est ce que joy. ce suis je. qui. ton cueur."


Fol. 95r
title: "La requeste que bailla ledit villon a messeigneurs du parlement"
incipit: "Tous mes cinq cens yeulx oreille et bouche"


Fol. 96r
title: "La requeste que bailla ledit villon a mon seigneur de bourbon"
incipit: "Le mien seigneur"
omissions: v. 7


Fol. 96v
title: "Ballade"
incipit: "Tant grate chievre que mal gist"
omissions: vv. 9-16


Fol. 97v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Je cogois bien mouches en lait"


Fol. 98r
title: "Ballade"
incipit: "Rencontre soit de bestes feu gectant"


Fol. 98v
"Cy finent les ballades de villon"





Le Jardin de Plaisance = J: Le Jardin de Plaisance et fleur de rhetorique. Paris: Antoine Verard, n.d. (two copies in Paris Rés. Ye 168 and Rés. Ye 169). Ca 1501.

   Works

   PVxv




   PVxi




   PVxiii




   PVxvi




   PVv




   PDvi




   T1422-56




   T1591-1627




   PVvi




   PVviii







location, title, incipit, etc.

No. 448, fols. 107v-108r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Que dictes vous de mon appel"


No. 449, fol. 108r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Freres humains qui apres nous vivez"


No. 450, fols. 108r-108v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Qui est ce que joy. ce suis je. qui. ton cueur."


No. 451, fol. 108v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Tous mes cinq sens. yeulx oreilles et bouche"


No. 452, fols. 108v-109r
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Tant grate chievre que mal gist"


No. 453, fol. 109r
title: "Rondel"
incipit: "Jenin lanemy"


No. 454, fol. 109r
title: "Ballade"
incipit: "En reagal en arsenic rocher"


No. 455, fols. 109r and 109v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Se jayme et sers la belle de bon hait"


No. 456, fol. 109v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Je cognois bien mouches en laict"


No. 643, fol. 200v
title: "Autre ballade"
incipit: "Se jayme et sers la belle de bon hait"
omissions: v.21
additions: extra line after v. 24




Among the named editions, "l'édition de N[evard]" may well be one available at the Bibliothèque Nationale Française in Paris, and accessible online as:

Villon, François. [Le] grant Testament Villon et le Petit. Son Codicille Le] jargon Et ses Ballades. [Paris: impr. de la Vve de G. Nyverd et de J. Nyverd, 1525], BNF Rés. Ye-1303



Among the more modern and identifiable printed editions of Villon's work used by Lenglet as sources:

"L'édition de Clement Marot" = LES OEUVRES DE/ FRANÇOYS VILLON/ de Paris, reueues & remises en/ leur entier par Clement Ma/rot valet de chambre / du Roy./ Distique du dict Marot/ Peu de Villons en bon sauoir/ Trop de Villons pour deceuoir/ On les vend a Paris en la grant salle/ du Palais, en la boutique de/Galiot du Pre. Colophon: "Fin des oeuvres de François Villon de/ Paris, reueues & remises en leur entier par/ Cleme[n]t Marot valet de chambre du Roy:/ & furent paracheuees de imprimeur le der/nier iour de Septembre, Lan mil cinq/ cens trente & troys. [5 fols. + 115 pp.]. Exemplars in the BNF are Rés. Ye-1297 and Rés. Ye-1298, containing L, T, PVxv, PVxiv, PVxi, PVxiii, PVxvi, PViv, PVv, PVvi. This edition is accessible on line

[Lenglet's "édition de 1723" in which added and altered text] = London, British Library 241.f.17: a copy of Les OEuvres de François Villon. Paris: Antoine-Urbain Coustelier, Imprimeur-librairie de S. A. R. Monseigneur le Duc d'Orléans, 1723. It contains the Villon canon accepted by Marot [L, T, PVxv, PVxiv, PVxi, PVxiii, PVxvi, PViv, PVv, PVvi] and BJi-vi.



Another way of assessing what may have been available to Lenglet is a list of of 12 editions of Villon's work (including that of 1742) provided by Prosper Marchand:

Marchand, Prosper. "Villon (François)." In his Dictionnaire historique ou Mémoires critiques et littéraires concernant la vie et les ouvrages de divers personnages distingués, particulièrement dans la république des lettres. The Hague: Pierre de Hondt, 1758-1759. Vol. 2, 300-305 [304-305 for list of editions]

Along with these, we should consider editions and anthologies containing Villon's poems which were being offered for sale in the eighteenth century. I have examined what is likely a small percentage of these:

We should also bear in mind that J. H. R. Prompsault called his second edition of of the Oeuvres de maistre François Villon the fifteenth among whole works editions.



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bobp@utm.edu
TennesseeBob Peckham
Director, The Globe-Gate Project
University of Tennessee-Martin
11947