ARGUMENT STRUCTURE RULES

 

Premise Indicators

As shown by the fact that

Assuming that

Because

For

For the reason that

Given that

Granted that

In view of the fact that

Inasmuch as

It is a fact that

One cannot doubt that

Seeing that

Since

The reason is that

This is true because

Conclusion Indicators

Accordingly

As a result

Consequently

For this reason

From which we can infer that

Hence

In conclusion

It follows that

So

The moral is

Therefore

This being so

This proves that

Thus

We can conclude that

Which means that

Which proves that

Argument Diagrams

Joint Inference: 1 + 2 → 3

Independent inference: (1 → 3) and (2 → 3)

Inference chain: 1 → 2 → 3