Lost Sonnets: A Restoration of the Runes
The Edited Texts of
Set IV: Runes 43-56
Notes on Set IV
in the other sets, these 14 runes sweep across the flow of 14
sonnets and take figures and meaning from them. (Though one might view
the symbiosis from the opposite angle, the sonnets more than the runes
are topically focused.) One effect is to make the runes in a set seem
more like siblings that the sonnets do, because all the runes share somewhat
similar bits and pieces that make their associational patterns feel less
discrete, more alike. However, since each sonnet itself undergoes
twists and turns, resolving in a couplet that may reverse the drift of
its quatrains, each runes gains its own character. First-line and last-line
regroupings, particularly, have natures partly contingent on where they
fall in the set; no doubt the same is true of the sonnetswhich the
poet laid out in ways that would give the runes thematic places to go,
drifts to follow, lines of thought to pursue.
(Second lines, Set IV: Sonnets 43-56)
For all, the day they view things unrespected,
Injurious distance should not stop my way.
Are both with thee, wherever I abide:
4 How two divide the conquest of thy sight
And each doth good turns now unto the other,
Each trifle under truest bars to thrust
When I shall see thee frown on my defects!
8 When what I seek (my weary travels end)
Of my dull bearer when from thee I speed
Can bring him to his sweet up-lockèd treasure
That millions of strange shadows on you tend
12 By that sweet ornament which truth doth give,
Of princes shall outlive this powerful rhyme,
Thy edge. Should blunter be, then, appetite?
Glosses: 1) all = everybody; Fore-awl and things are phallic puns; For all puns For Hall [Wills son-in-laws name] and Four-all, i.e., 4-4 (echoing 44, the rune number); unrespected = not perceived or esteemed; 3) both suggests eyes (see they in 1), Sonnets/Runes; with thee puns on witty, I puns on eye ; 4) two (Q to) suggests eyes (see 1, 3); divide the conquest echoes the saw divide and conquer; 6) suggesting prisoners in adjacent cells (an analogy for Sonnets and Runes, which share linear resources); 9) my...bearer suggests this ass-like, neighing,footed medium, with Of my dull bearer punning, Awesome idyll/idol be error; 11) That = So that; tend = attend; 14) edge suggests knife, perimeter or margin, and trenchancy.
(Fourth lines, Set IV: Sonnets 43-56)
And, darkly bright, are bright-in-dark directed
From limits far remote, where thou dost stay;
These present/absent with swift motion slide.
4 My heart, mine, eye the freedom of that right
Or, heart, in love with sighs, himself doth smother
From hands of falsehood, in sure wards of trust
Called to that audit by advised respects.
8 Thus far the miles are measured from thy friend;
Till I return of posting is no need
For blunting the fine point of seldom pleasure,
And you, but one, can every shadow lend
12 For that sweet odor which doth in it live:
Then unswept stone, besmeared with sluttish time,
Tomorrow sharpened in his former might.
Glosses: 1) bright-in-dark denotes eyes; 4) eye (v.) = may look at; right = prerogative or right margin in the Q text or on the Set IV leaf, an airy open space; 4-5) heart puns routinely on art; 7) ...audit...respects (self-conscious legalese) = ...reckoning by judicious considerations; 8-10) measured, posting, point, and pleasure ally to create phallic wit; 12) it (ambig.) = seldom pleasure (see 10), posting (9), and/or shadow (11); 13) Then puns on Thin, with bawdy innuendo (see sluttish); 14) the pun in might on mite/midget suggests a joke about penis size, and such puns as ...sluttish Tommy, / Tom, our hosier [dealing in underwear], penned/pained in his sore, mere midget(13-14) and Tomorrow sharpened John his sore, mere mite might have concurrently appealed to Thomas Thorpe (Wills printing agent) and Dr. John Hall (the son-in-law, a Stratford physician).
(Sixth lines, Set IV: Sonnets 43-56)
How would thy shadows form form happy show
Upon the farthest earth! Removed from thee,
In tender embassy of love to thee
4 (A closet never pierced with crystal eyes)
And to the painted banquet, bids my heart
Most worthy comfortnow my greatest grief;
And, scarcely greet, me with that sun thine eye
8 Plods duly on, to bear that weight in me
When swift extremity can seem but slow,
Since seldom coming, in the long year set,
Is poorly imitated after you
12 As the perfumèd tincture of thee. Roses
And broils root out the work of masonry,
Thy hungry eyes, evn till they wink with fullness!
Glosses: 1) How would puns on Howard, likely a topical in-group reference; 8) duly puns on dully, and weight, on wait; 10) the long year (...langeur, ...longer) set may be a playful rubric for Set IV, or for Set VIII (which is longer by one line than all the rest); 13) broils = conflicts, confused tumults; 14) Thy hungry eyes... puns Thy hungry ass... and Thigh-hung, awry, eyes, even, tilty..., suggesting testicles; is till they wink a prescient pun on tiddlywink (OED 1870)?
(Eighth lines, Set IV: Sonnets 43-56)
When to unseeing eyes thy shade shines so?
As soon as think, the place where he would be
Sinks down to death, oppressed with melancholy,
4 And says, In him, their fair, appearance lies
And in his thoughts of love doth share a part.
Art left, the prey of every vulgar thief,
Shall reasons find. Of settled gravity,
8 His rider loved not speed: Being made from thee,
In wingèd speed no motion shall I know
Or captain. Jewels in the carconet,
And you in Grecian tires are painted new
12 When summers breath their maskèd buds discloses,
The living record of your memory,
The spirit of love, with a perpetual dullness.
Glosses: 1) unseeing eyes = e.g., those of future readers and/or of contemporaries outside the coterie circle; 2) he = thy shade (see 1); 4) their refers to unseeing eyes (see 1); fair (sb.); 8) His rider suggests Arts writer/rider, the poet; see Rune 49, which pictures the poet astride Helens head, spurring the spots that would be her (rouged) cheeks; made = carried; 10) carconet = jeweled necklace; 11) tires = attire, garments; 12) maskèd buds suggest naked body parts; 14) spirit puns on spurt and ...speare: e.g., The spurt o slow wit a peer paid you, awl dulling ass.with plays on peed, pet, ladle, and little.
(Tenth lines, Set IV: Sonnets 43-56)
By looking on thee in the living day
Two leap large lengths of miles when thou art gone:
By those swift messengers returned from thee
4 A quest of thoughts, all tenants to the heart.
Thyself, away, are present still with me,
Save where thou art not, though I feel thou art:
Within the knowledge of mine own desert.
8 That sometimes-anger thrusts into his hide,
Therefore, desire of perfects, love being made
Or, as the wardrobe which the robe doth hide,
The one doth (shadow of your beauty) show
12 They live unwooed, and unrespected, fade;
Shall you pace forth, your praise shall still find room
Which parts the shore where two contracted new.
Glosses: 2) Two: i.e., Two eyes, We both (You and I); 3) returned is a past-tense verb, with quest (in 4) its subject; 4) A quest = An inquest, investigative group; 7) desert: the Q form desart creates rhymes in 4, 6, and 7; see also the rhymes in 1, 3, and 5; 8 and 10 (exact); and 9 and 12; 8) his hide = the hearts flesh (pun: hiding place); 9-10) pun: e.g., T Harry S. [i.e., Southampton, punning hairy ass], our desirous peer: F--k slow. By inch made whore, eye Southy, warty, row bitch there abed...;11) one (ambig.) points to thought (see 4) or poem, to one as 1 (and thus I), i.e., half a pair; 12) They = perfects (see 9); 13) room puns on rheum (i.e., tears); pun: S[ue] Hall... (twice), with, e.g., ...ass till, send her home; 14) two (ambig.) = you and I, two eyes, sonnet and rune; contracted = made a compact (with puns about a married couple and about two eyes squinting).
(Fourteenth lines, Set IV: Sonnets 43-56)
And, nights bright days when dreams do show thee me
But heavy tears, badges of eithers woe,
I send them back again, and straight grow sad,
4 And my hearts right, their inward love of heart,
Awakes my heart to hearts and eyes delight
For truth, proves thievish for a prize so dear.
Since, why to love I can allege no cause;
8 My grief lies onward, and my joy behind.
Towards thee Ill run and give him leave to go,
Being had to triumph, being lacked to hope
But you like none, none you. For constant heart
12 When that shall vade, by verse distills your truth:
You live in this and dwell in lovers eyes,
Makes summerswelcome thrice, more wished, more rare.
Glosses: 1) show thee me = show thee to me; 2) eithers = nights or days, your or my; 3) them (ambig.) suggests tears, badges (2), dreams, nights...days (1); 4) right = prerogative (pun: arts right, hards rigid, [up]right [phallic, echoing straight in 3]); their = my dreams (1), tears (2); 6) the subject of proves (a phallic pun on prows) is hearts right (in 4); 9) him (a pun on hymn) = grief, joy (see 8); 11) But = Only that; 12) vade = depart, fade; by verse puns on bi-verse, i.e., the bifurcated Sonnets/Runes cycle; 14) Makes summers puns on Mates Summer S.i.e., Coterie peers Adder/Numbers man/Metricist Shakespeare, with welcome punning on Will...; pun: ...thrice (...their eyes) more rouged, more rare, suggesting red meat, with jokes about a hot summer, reddened eyes, phallic Is, Moors, and stereotypes about phallic size.
Set V: Runes 57-70
Notes on Set V
(First lines, Set V: Sonnet 57-70)
Being your slave, what should I do but tend
That God forbid, that made me first your slave?
If there be nothing new, but that which is,
4 Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore,
Is it thy will thy image should keep open
(Sin of self-love possesseth all) mine eye,
Against my love shall be as I am now
8 When I have seen by times fell hand defaced
Sense brass? Nor stone, nor earth, nor boundless sea,
Tired with all these, for restful death I cry!
Ah, wherefore with infection should he live?
12 Thus is his cheek the map of days outworn,
Those parts of thee that the worlds eye doth view;
That thou are blamed shall not be thy defect.
Glosses: 2) That = That which; 7) Against = Until; 8) fell = savage; 9) brass suggests insensible (ME) and impudent (1642); cheek, suggesting both buttock and mouthings, is a variant of check, the side ring of a harness, and thus a pun on round/rune; 10) Tired puns on Attired; 11) he (with bawdy overtones) = death, sense, the poet, the friend, and/or penis (with the pictographic phallic pun I see awry in 10). Family namepuns include, e.g., Anne [= w = IN] Hat.; S[ue] Hall (1); Judy S., our bitty Hat.-maid (2); Hat., witch S. (3); make (i.e., mate), in 4; thy Will (5); Hall, m Annie (6); a gay Anne Shakespeare (st = the family name cipher); S. Hall; Bess; Ham (7); and S. Hall (14).
(Second lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Upon the hours and times of your desire
I should, in thought, control your times of pleasure;
Hath been before.... How are our brains beguiled!
4 So do our minutes hasten to their end,
My heavy eyelids to the weary night,
And all my soul, and all my every part,
With times injurious hand crushed and oerworn
8 The rich, proud cost of outworn, buried age.
But sad mortality oersways their power
As two behold desert a beggar born
And with his presence grace impiety
12 When beauty lived and died. As flowers do now,
Want nothing that the thought of hearts can mend;
For slanders mark was ever yet the fair.
Glosses: 2) should puns on S. Hall; 9) But = Only (ironic); 10) two (ambiguous) = you and I, eyes, etc.; beggar = this rune (which borrows lines from the Sonnets and is an outcast); 12) flowers is a musical pun on slurs; 13) Want (as miss or expect) is ambiguously contradictory.
(Fourth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Nor services to do till you require,
Being your vassal, bound to stay your leisure,
The second burthen of a former child
4 In sequent toil, all forwards do contend,
While shadows like to thee do mock my sight,
It is so grounded inward in my heart
With lines and wrinkles. When his youthful morn,
8 And brass (eternal slave to mortal rage
Whose action is no stronger than a flower)
And purest faith (unhappily forsworn
And lace itself), with his society,
12 Oer, durst inhabit on a living brow
Uttring bare trutheven so as foes commend
A Crow that flies in heavens sweetest air.
Glosses: 1) Nor = Having no... (pun: Inner, hidden); re-quire is a printing pun suggesting regroup pages (with quire as a measure of paper); re-choir puns sing again, amplifying services; 2) bound and leafure are printing puns; 3) burthen = burden (musical), the lower line or continuo; second puns on fecund (thus the pun fecund lower song-text); 4) forwards puns on prefatory compositions; 7) wrinkles puns on tricks, wiles; his = my hearts (...arts); 8) brass puns on effrontery (OED 1642); 10) forsworn = repudiated; 11) lace = fragility, entrapment; his = my hearts (see 6); 12) durst = dared, ventured to; 14) Crow alludes plausibly to Robert Greenes notorious attack on Will as an Upstart Crow.
(Sixth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Whilst I, my sovereign, watch the clock for you,
Th imprisoned absence of your liberty,
Evn of five hundredth courses of the sun,
4 Crawls to maturity, wherewith being crowned
So far from home, into my deeds to pry
No shape so true, no truth of such account.
And all those beauties whereof now hes king
8 Advantage on the kingdom of the shore
Against the wrackful siege of battering days
And maiden virtue rudely strumpeted;
And steel dead, seeing of his living hue,
12 The right of sepulchers were shorn away.
But those same tongues that give thee so thine own,
Theyre worth the greater, being wooed of time.
Glosses: 3) (Q hundreth): five hundre[d]th courses suggests the 500th course; 5) pun: Suffer, fair homme, who may...; 7) he (ambig.) points back to shape, truth (in 6), and my sovereign (in 1); 8) Advantage (v.) = Struggle, Advance; 11) steel dead suggests armaments (etc.) defeated; 13) tongues may refer to truth (see 6); thee (ambig.) = the king (addressed), any reader; 13) pun: ...that give thee Southy [i.e., Southampton] anon...; 14) closing puns: th air [i.e., song, poem] worried thick reader, being wood [i.e., deranged] ofttime, with Wood of Tommy likely a private joke between Will and his printing agent Thomas Thorpe, known to be the T.T. of Qs title page. One complex pun in 4-5 would have suited Thorpe (wittily, Wills editor) and Dr. John Hall (Wills son-in-law in Stratford and, I deduce, a principal intended auditor): ...witty being C-row [i.e., line 3, just ended], and ed.s [i.e., the editorsThorpes] offer, fair homme, Homme (...Home) John [= in], too, made ed.s top [i.e., the opening lines here?] wry; medical wit in 5 is concurrent: e.g., Suffer serum, John [= in], Tommy..., with plays on dead wedded, and stopper.
(Seventh lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Nor think the bitterness of absence sour
And patience tame. To sufferance bide, each check,
Show me your image! In some antique book
4 Crookèd eclipses gainst his glory fight
To find out shames and idle hours in me,
And for myself mine own worth do define.
Are vanishingor vanished out of sight
8 And the firm soil win of the watery main?
When rocks impregnable are not so stout,
And right perfection wrongfully disgraced,
Why should poor beauty indirectly seek
12 To live a second life on second head?
In other accents do this praise confound,
For canker vice the sweetest buds doth love.
Glosses: 1) Nor think may be a self-addressed imperative; 2) the line suggests To balance bitterness and patience...; 3) antique puns routinely on antic; 4) his = your images (see 3); 7) vanishing (sb.) = human disappearance; 8) win of = victims of; 11) indirectly = deviously; 12) second is a routine pun on fecund.
(Eighth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
When you have bid your servant once adieu
Without accusing you of injury
Sincemind at first in character was done;
4 And time that gave doth now (his gift) confound
The scope and tenure of thy jealousy
As I all other in all worths surmount,
Stealing away the treasure of his spring,
8 Increasing store with loss, and loss with store.
Nor gates of steel so strong but time decays,
And, strength by limping sway disablèd,
Roses. Of shadow, sense his rose is true.
12 Ere, beautys dead fleece made another gay;
By seeing farther, then, the eye hath shown
(And thou presentst) a pure, unstainèd prime.
Glosses: 3) i.e., first reactions were written down; 4) now = (at) the present time; confound = confuse; 5) thy = my (toward you); 7) his spring = times... (see 4), by storing roses (see 11); 8) store = gain; 9) gates of steel suggest storehouse gates; 10) the line suggests sagging gates on broken hinges (see 9) as well as drooping roses (see 11); 11) Of shadow = from a faint copy; rose is puns on roses; 12) Ere = Before now; dead fleece = curls; gay (n.) suggests a nosegay, a knot of hair.
(Ninth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Nor dare I question with my jealous thought:
Be where you list, your charter is so strong
That I might see what the old world could say.
4 Time doth transfix the flourish set on youth.
O, know thy love, though much, is not so great
But when my glass shows me myself indeed.
For such a time do I now fortify
8 When I have seen such interchange of state.
O, fearful meditation! Where a lack
And art made tongue tied by authority,
Why should he live? Now nature bankrupt is,
12 In him those holy antique hours are seen.
They look into the beauty of thy mind;
Thou hast passed by the ambush of young days.
Glosses: 2) list = choose; your charter = our pact, your claim on me; 3) see = confront and accept; old world suggests The Globe; 4) transfix = cut through; flourish = rhet. or pen embellishment; 10) made tongue tied... = have made a tongue to be mute (as in the Runes); 11) he = that tongue (i.e., the poet); bankrupt (Q banckrout) = stript bare; 12) him = the poet (pun: hymn); holy antique hours puns, wholly antic whores; 14) Thou = The poet, addressing his own image.
(Tenth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Where you may be, or your affairs, suppose
That you yourself may privilege your time
To this composèd wonder of your frame
4 And delves, the parallels in beautys brow!
It is my love, that keeps mine eye awake,
Beated and chopped with tanned antiquity,
Against confounding ages cruel knife
8 Or state. Itself confounded to decay,
Shall times best jewel from times chest lie hid,
And Folly (doctor-like controlling skill)
Beggard of blood? Two blush through lively veins:
12 Without, all ornament, itself and true;
And that in guess they measure by thy deeds,
Either not assailed, or victor being charged.
Glosses: 3) this...wonder... = this poem (with phallic innuendo); 4) delves (sb.) = furrows; brow puns on burrow (bawdy); 6) i.e., assailed by the poets ms.; 7) confounding = defeating, confusing; 8) state = condition; 10) doctor-like puns on ...lack, Dr. Jack (suggesting Dr. John Hall, Wills son-in-law); 11) Two suggests sonnet and rune, testicles; 11-12) phallic pun: e.g., Two [i.e., testicles] blush, th rouge life-lines without [i.e., external], awl ornament, I to feel, fey and true [i.e., fatal and plumb];12) Without = Outside (i.e., the visible sonnet);13) that in guess = the rune; measure = judge, meter out; 14) not puns on knot, and charged on discharged, suggesting ejaculation.
(Eleventh lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
But like a sad slave stay and think of nought,
Two, what you will. To you it doth belong
Whether we are mended, or where. Better th eye
4 Feeds on the rarities of natures truth,
Mine own true love that doth my rest defeat.
(Mine own self love quite contrary I read.)
8 Ruin hath taught me thus to ruminate
Oer what strong hand can hold his swift foot back,
And simple truth, miscalled simplicity.
For she hath no exchequer now but his,
12 Making no summer of anothers green.
Then churls, their thoughts (although their eyes were kind),
Yet this thy praise cannot be so thy praise.
Glosses: 2) what you will encodes the pun hat you wi, i.e., Hathaway; 3) mended = pieced together (as the Runes are); 7) cut (ambig. v.) = run away, separate, wound; 8) Q Ruine puns on Rune; 9) his = ruins, and thus runes; swift foot puns on footed (i.e., metrical) verse; 11) exchequer= storehouse, punning on X-checker, suggesting an acrostic gameboard or a player/sleuth; 13) churls = low-bred fellows; Q thoughts = thoughts = thought is; their eyes were kind: phallically suggestive (see, e.g., the pun their I is working; and see 3);14) so thy puns on Southy, i.e., Southampton, Wills only known patron.
(Thirteenth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
So true a fool is love, that in your will
I am to wait, though waiting so be hell.
Oh, sure, I am the wits of former days;
4 And yet to times in hope, my verse shall stand.
For thee watch I, whilst thou dost wake elsewhere;
His beauty shall in these black lines be seen
8 This thought is as a death which cannot choose,
Oh, none; unless this miracle have might,
Tired with all these, from these would I be gone!
Oh, him she stores, to show what wealth she had,
12 And him as for a map doth Nature store.
But why thy odor matcheth not thy show?
If some suspect of ill, masked knot thy show.
Glosses: 1) will puns on Will (and in your will suggests in my person); in puns on Anne as well as John; 1-2) will / I am puns, William2) other family namepuns: Hamnet (I am t...), Sue (so), Hall (hell); 4) pun: two times in hope, i.e., twice anticipated, doubly put forth ; shall puns on S[ue] Hall (see 7, etc.); 7) His points to thee/myself in 6; 11) him points to this miracle (9), punning on hymn and Ham; 13) odor puns on ode-er, i.e., ode-writer, poet; not thy puns on knotty (i.e., riddlic, difficult) and naughty; 14) knot (Q not), the subject of masked = the (hard) poem. One form of an opening pun about Annes obesity (1-2) is this: So true a fool Islave t Hat., Anne [= in]your William to weighty Hath-weighty inches: O [here, a pictograph for a rotund person, but also suggesting round/rune] be hell. Obey I aye(code ...o be hell,) is an alternate ending.
(Fourteenth lines, Set V: Sonnets 57-70)
Though you do anything, he thinks no ill;
Not blame, your pleasurebe it ill or well.
To subjects, worse have given admiring praise,
4 Praising thy worth despite his cruel hand
From me far off, with others all too near,
Painting my age with beauty of thy days.
And they shall live (and he in them still green)
8 But weep to have that which it fears to lose.
That in black inkmy lovemay still shine bright.
Save that to die, I leave my love alone
In days long since, before these last so bad,
12 To show false art what beauty was of yore.
The follys this, that thou dost common grow;
Then thou alone, kingdoms of hearts shouldst owe.
Glosses: 3) To subjects puns on Two subjects, i.e., Runes/Sonnets (see ill or well in 2); 4) his = thy worths (ironic); 6) my age = my mature years, this era; 8) to have puns on to halve, suggesting the bifurcation of Sonnets/Runes; it = my age (see 6); 10) Save that to die puns on Southy toad eye, suggesting Southampton, Wills known patron; I leave may mean I write down on leaves; 14) owe = own.
Set VI: Runes 71-84
Notes on Set VI
of the usual personal ambiguities and of indefinite insinuations
of guilt and of rival poets, the sonnets and runes
in this half-way set anticipate the deaths of Will and his muse and focus
on the poems capacities to memorialize the friend (and to blur the
poet into obscurity). Though the personas stresses and anxieties
do not dominate the materials here, the personal complaint That
time of year thou mayst in me behold in Sonnet 73 has proven
to be the most appreciated sonnet in the set. One appealing runic companion
is Rune 82, with its strongly affirmative epithet He of tall building
and of goodly pride; another is Rune 75, on mutability, showing
Will working at some hour 400 years ago, an instant much like the one
we now enjoy.
(First lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
No longer mourn for me when I am dead;
Oh, least the world should task you to recite.
That time of year thou mayst in me behold,
4 But be contented when that fell arrest.
So are you to my thoughts as food to life;
Why is my verse so barren of new pride?
Thy glass will show thee how thy beauties were,
8 So oft have I invoked thee for my muse,
Whilst I alone did call upon thy aid.
Oh, how I faint when I of you do write!
Or I shall live your epitaph to make:
12 I grant thou were not. Married to my muse,
I never saw that you did painting need.
Who is it? That says most. Which can say more?
Glosses: 2) Oh, least puns on O, leaft (i.e., Round [Rune], paginated); 3) That time of year = That time of my death, punning ...ye are (...and I am not); 4) fell arrest puns ...fellow rest; 7) Thy glass = Your image as reflected here; 8) So oft puns on Soft (adv.); 9) Whilst I alone is a name-pun on Will Shakespeare [The digraph st = Shakespeare, the name cipher I have deduced, a long s seeming to hold a dagger-likeand thus spearlike t by the handle and to shake it], I alone; 10) faint puns on feint (i.e., deceive); 11) Or = If, Perhaps (contrast 1-4); 14) Who is it? = What is the name in the epitaph?
(Second lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
Then you shall hear the surly, sullen bell.
What merit lived in me that you should love?
When yellow leaves, or none, or few do hang
4 Without, all bail shall carry me away,
Oer, as sweet seasoned showers are to the ground.
So far from variation or quick change,
Thy dial: How thy precious minutes waste,
8 And found such fair assistance in my verse:
My verse alone had all thy gentle grace,
Knowing a better spirit doth use your name.
Or, you survive when I in earth am rotten,
12 And therefore mayst without attaint oerlook;
And therefore to your fair no painting set
Than this rich praise, that you alone are you.
Glosses: 4) Without all bail puns, Outside Old Bailey, Londons criminal court; 6) So far puns (ironically) on Suffer; 7) minutes puns on brief records, a metaphor for Wills poem; 10) Q vse echoes verse (8, 9) and puns on whiff (v.); spirit (with name) is an eyepun on ...speare; 14) Than (Q Then, echoing 1) generates the paradoxical pun Thin this rich praise....
(Third lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
Give warning to the world that I am fled.
After my death, dear love, forget me quite
Upon those boughs which shake against the cold.
4 My life hath in this line some interest,
And for the peace of you, I hold such strife.
Why with the time do I not glance aside?
The vacant leaves thy minds imprint will bear,
8 As every alien pen hath got my use;
But now my gracious numbers are decayed,
And in the praise thereof. Spends all his might,
From hence your memory death cannot take.
12 The dedicated words which writers use
I found, or thought I found, you did exceed;
In whose confine immurèd is the store?
Glosses: 3) shake and against (a gay Anne Shakespeare [st = the family name cipher]) are namepuns; 4) this line points back to line 3, with its puns about the poets life; life puns on leaf, i.e., page or sheet; 7) leaves echoes life in 4.
(Fourth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
From this vile world with vilest worms to dwell
Fore you, in me can nothing worthy prove:
Bare runèd choirs where late the sweet birds sang,
4 Which for memorial still with thee shall stay
As twixt a miser and his wealth is found.
Two newfound methods, and two compounds strange
And of this book, this learning, mayst thou taste
8 And, under thee, their poesy disperse.
And my sick muse doth give another place:
Two make me tongue-tied speaking of your fame.
Although in me, each part will be forgotten
12 Of their fair subject. Blessing every book
The barren tender of a poets debt,
Which should example where your equal grew?
Glosses: 1) vilest = Q vildest; 3) Q quiers puns on quires (i.e., multiple sheets of paper); birds puns on Bard S.; 6) Two (twice) = Q To; 8) And under thee their puns on An under-theatre..., suggesting buried entertainment such as that in the Runes; 9) Q an other puns on an oather, i.e., a sworn peer in the coterie; 10) As in line 6, Two = Q To; 11) in me puns on enemy (see 2); for (in forgotten) puns on four (see the two puns on To/Two in lines 6 and10; 12) Blessing is ironic; 13) tender = offering, payment; 14) Which = Which part; example (v.) = show, illustrate.
(Fifth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
Nay, if you read this line, remember not
(Unless you would devise some virtuous lie)
In me thou seest the twilight of such day
4 When thou reviewest this. Thou dost review
Now proud as an enjoyer, and anon....
Why write I still all one, ever the same,
The wrinkles which thy glass will truly show
8 Thine eyes, that taught the dumb on high to sing!
I grant, sweet love, thy lovely argument:
But since your worth wide as the ocean is,
Your name from hence immortal life shall have.
12 Thou art as fair in knowledge as in hue,
And therefore have I slept in your report;
Lean penury within that pen doth dwell.
Glosses: 1) Nay puns on Neigh; re-member not puns on reconstitute [the] riddle; 3) In me...seest puns on enemy thou seized; Q such is always a bawdy eyepun on f--k; 7) wrinkles puns on tricks, moral stains; 9) grant puns on grunt; thy...argument refers sarcastically to the neigh of 1; 10) But since = Only because; 13) have I slept puns on halves leapt; 14) penury = poverty, stinginess; that pen puns on the boundaries of your report [see 13]that is, this poem.
(Sixth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
The hand, that writ it (for I love you so,
To do more for me than mine own desert)
As, after sunset fadeth in the west,
4 The very part was consecrate to thee.
Doubting the filching age will steal his treasure
And keep, invention in a noted weed
Of mouthèd graves will give thee memory
8 And heavy ignorance; aloft to flee
Deserves the trávail of a worthier pen.
The humble (as the proudest) sail doth bear,
Though I, once gone to all the world, must die
12 Finding thy wortha limit past my praise
That you yourself, being extant, well might show;
That to his subject lends not some small glory.
Glosses: 2) To puns on Two (i.e., hands); then (Q than): a routine editorial equation among Sonnets editors; 4) The very part puns on Thievery part (i.e., hands?); 5) Doubting = Unsure whether...; 6) keep (sb.) = stronghold; noted puns on an oded; weed = mourning garb, wild growth; 7) will puns on Will, the poet (see 5, 13); Q giue thee puns on Judy (short for Judith, Wills daughter); 8) And... puns on Anne, heavy ignorance, suggesting that shes fat and stupid; 9) the trávail puns on ...travel, that revel; 11) gone to all puns, Johntoo, Hall, a play on Will's son-in-laws name; 12) past puns on paste (any soft mixture, suggesting fake); 13) being extant well might s[=f]how puns, being extant, Willm eyed foe.
(Seventh lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
That I in your sweet thoughts would be forgot,
And hang more praise upon deceasèd I,
Which by and by black night doth take away:
4 The earth can have but earth, which is his due.
Now, counting best to be with you alone,
That (every word) doth almost fell my name.
Thou by thy dials shady stealth mayst know
8 Half-added feathers to the learnèds wing.
Yet what of thee thy poet doth invent,
My saucy bark inferior far to his,
The earth can yield me but a common grave
12 And therefore art enforced to seek anew
How far a modern quill doth come too short;
But he that writes of you, if he, can tell.
Glosses: 1) I = Myself, alive (contrast 2); 4) but = mere; 5) counting best suggests good meter, since numbers means metrics; 6) fell = wipe out (eyepun: sell, propagate); 8) likely an allusion to R. Greenes attack on the poet; 9) Yet = Despite; invent is a latinate pun on blow into, implying wind in sails; 10) bark (a pun) = boat, bow-wow; 14) But = Only; tell (a pun) = convey, measure or tally.
(Eighth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
If thinking on me then should make you woe,
Then niggard truth would willingly impart
Deaths second self, that seals up all in rest:
4 My spirit is thine, the better part of me
Then bettered that the world may see my pleasure,
Showing their birth, and where they did proceed.
Times thievish progress to eternity;
8 And, given grace, a double majesty
He robs thee of, and pays it thee again.
On your broad main doth willfully appear,
When you entombèd in mens eyes shall lie,
12 Some fresher stamp of the time-bettering days,
Speaking of worth. What worth in you doth grow
That you are you sodignifies his story.
Glosses: 1) then (repeated 2, 5, and echoed as thine in 4) implies when Im dead and puns on thin and t[o] Hen, perhaps Southampton; 1-2) pun: wooden neger dead, rude, you hold; 2) willingly (see 10) puns, courtesy of Will; 4) broad puns include spirit (spurt, ...speare), thine (thin), and better part (bitter part); 5) pleasure = plaything(s), poem(s); 6) their points to my pleasure[s] in 5i.e., the poems in Q; birth puns on berth (naut.); 7) Times = Time is but puns on Meters; 9) He = Time (see 7); 10) main = sea, domain (pun: mane); willfully is a namepun (see 2); 12) bettering (pun: battering), see better, bettered (4-5); 14) his = Times (see 7); his story puns on history.
(Ninth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
O, if, I say, you look upon this verse,
O, least your true love may seem false in this:
In me thou seest the glowing of such fire,
4 So then thou hast but lost the dregs of life.
Sometime all full with feasting on your sight,
O, know, sweet love, I always write of you:
Look what thy memory cannot contain,
8 Yet be most proud of that which I compile:
He lends thee virtue, and he stole that word.
Your shallowest help will hold me up afloat;
Your monument shall be my gentle verse,
12 And do so, love, yet when they have devised
This. Silence for my sin you did impute;
Let him but copy what in you is writ.
Glosses: 3) In me puns on enemy; 3-4) paradoxical pun: fire sodden; 4) (?) thou reads how in some extant copies of Q; Sonnets editor Stephen Booth (1978), e.g., uses thou; the line puns [t]hou hast but lost t, hid, alluding to the thou/how confusion in Q; 9) He = That which I compile (see 8); lines 9-10 pun and he stole t in hoard. Why?; 12) they = people (pun: th eye); devised = seen, divided, sorted out; 13) impute = assign as suitable; 14) him puns on hymn and may refer to he (9), monument, and/or verse (11).
(Eleventh lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
Do not so much as my poor name rehearse:
My name be buried where my body is
As the deathbed whereon it must expire.
4 The coward conquest of a wretchs knife
Possessing or pursuing no delight,
So all my best is dressing old words new,
Those children nursed, delivered from thy brain.
8 In others works thou dost but mend the style
And found it in thy cheek; he can afford
Ore. Being wracked, I am a worthless boot.
An tongues-to-be your being shall rehearse,
12 Thou, truly fair, wert truly sympathized:
Fore, I impair not beauty being mute,
And such a counterpart shall fame his wit.
Glosses: 6) So all (in a line with medical puns) puns on Sue Hall, wife of a physician; 9) found = create, mold; cheek = voice, foundry mold; he = thy cheek; wracked = tortured; boot = remedy, compensation (pun: torture device); 11) An (Q And) = If (archaic); rehearse = reiterate (see 1); 12) sympathized = represented fairly; 13 Fore (Q For) implies As a dead writer, not a tongue-to-be; 14) And such a counterpart puns, e.g.,Anne S., you see, has owned her part; counterpart = a future tongue (see 11); the word is also a crude body-part pun, and such in Q is a vulgar eyepun because s looks like f; his = beautys (see 13); shall fame his wit puns, S. Hall, famous wit (see 6, with medical materials in 7).
(Twelfth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
But let your love even with my life decay
And live no more to shame nor me nor you,
Consumed with that which it was nourished by,
4 Too base of thee to be rememberèd.
Save what is had, or must from you be took,
Spending again what is already spent
To make a new acquaintance of thy mind.
8 And arts with thy sweet graces gracèd be
No praise to thee, but what in thee doth live,
He of tall building and of goodly pride
When all the breathers of this world are dead,
12 In true plain words by thy true-telling friend
(When others would give life and bring a tomb)
Making his style admirèd everywhere.
Glosses: 2) nor/nor = neither/nor; 12) by also suggests buy, i.e., acquire with effort (ME).
(Thirteenth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
Least the wise world should look into your moan;
For I am shamed by that which I bring forth!
This thou preceivst, which makes thy love more strong:
4 The worth of that is that which it contains.
Thus do I pine and surfeit day by day.
For as the sun is, daily new and old,
These offices, so oft as thou wilt look.
8 But thou art all my art, and dost advance;
Then thank him not for that which he doth say.
Then if he thrive and I be cast away,
You still shall live (such virtue hath my pen),
12 And their gross painting might be better. Used,
There lives more life in one of your fair eyes!
You to your beauteous blessings add a curse.
Glosses: 1) your moan = this lament, your response to it; should puns on S. Hall (see shall in 11); 5) pine and surfeit suggests someone in labor; 6) sun puns on son; 7) These offices = duties, offspring poems; 8) Puns: art all = hard awl (phallic); my art = merd (dung), my heart, my hard; 9) him = my art (8), punning on hymn; him not puns on Hamnet, Wills son, and on hymn knot (i.e., lyric riddle); 12) their may refer to These offices (7) and/or your...eyes (13); curse is an eyepun on curve, which suggests a round (and thus a rune), a pregnant belly, a smile, and something not straight or true; yours fair eyes puns on ...fairies,...fair ass, and usuries.
(Fourteenth lines, Set VI: Sonnets 71-84)
And mock you with me after I am gone,
And so should you, to love things nothing worth,
To love that well which thou must leave ere long
4 And that is this, and this with thee remains.
Or gluttoning on all, or all away,
So is my love still telling what is told.
Shall profit thee (and much enrich thy book,
8 As high as learning) my rude ignorance,
Since what he owes thee thou thyself dost pay.
The worst was this: My love was my decay
Where breath most breathes, even in the mouths of men.
12 Where cheeks need blood, in thee it is; abused,
Then, both your poets can in praise devise
Being fond on praisewhich makes your praises worse!
Glosses: 1-2) And = Both [with And (OED 1520)]; the initial And puns ironically on End; gone and so should pun on John and Sue, S. Hall; 2) puns: Anne, Sue, S. Hall, no-thingsas pudenda; 3) well puns on inkwell, source, and Will; leave suggests leaf through; 4) with thee remains puns, witty eer m Anne [S.] is; 5) Or = Either; ...g on all puns on John Hall; 6) So puns on Sue; telling and told suggest tallying, tallied, and thus numbers, metrics; 7) Shall puns on S. Hall; 8) pun: Eye Scheisse learning, merd ignorance; 9) he = thy book (see 7), my...ignorance (see 8); 13) both your poets puns on author of Sonnets and Runes; devise = divide, create, bequeath; 14) fond = foolish, doting.